Toad Lily (Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’)

Plant: Table of Contents

What is Toad Lily (Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’)?

Toad lily, scientifically known as Tricyrtis, is a captivating and unique perennial plant that belongs to the Liliaceae family. The ‘White Towers’ variety is a popular cultivar known for its beautifully delicate white-petaled flowers. It is native to East Asia and is highly valued for its ability to add elegance and a sense of wild beauty to gardens and landscapes.

Key Takeaways – Toad Lily (Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’)


  • Delicate white flowers with unique spotting
  • Graceful arching stems
  • Distinctive glossy foliage


  • Prefers moist, well-draining soil
  • Thrives in partially shaded to fully shaded areas


  • Adds a touch of wild beauty to gardens and landscapes
  • Suitable for woodland gardens and shaded borders


  • Requires regular watering, especially during dry periods


  • Thrives in partial to full shade


  • Benefits from a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in spring


  • Flourishes in fertile, humus-rich, and well-draining soil


  • Minimal pruning required, remove dead or damaged stems as needed


  • Can be propagated by division or stem cuttings

Container Popularity

  • Well-suited for container gardening

Common Diseases

  • Susceptible to fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and leaf spot

Disease Diagnosis

  • Regularly inspect for signs of fungal infections and treat promptly

Common Pests

  • Vulnerable to slugs and snails

Botanist’s Tips

  • Provide adequate moisture and shade, especially in warmer climates

Fun Facts

  • Toad lilies are sometimes called “autumn dancers” due to their late summer to early fall blooming period

Links to External Resources

Now, let’s delve deeper into the world of toad lilies and explore the various aspects of caring for and appreciating these unique plants.

Toad Lily Characteristics

Toad lilies, including the ‘White Towers’ variety, boast several distinctive characteristics that make them a sought-after addition to gardens and landscapes. Understanding these traits is essential for successfully incorporating them into your outdoor spaces.

White Toad Lily Variety

The ‘White Towers’ variety of toad lily stands out for its ethereal white flowers. Each blossom is adorned with subtle yet captivating speckles, adding to the plant’s overall charm. The distinctive spotting on the flowers creates a mesmerizing effect, making the ‘White Towers’ toad lily an eye-catching and elegant addition to any garden or landscape.

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Features


  • Delicate, white-petaled blooms
  • Intriguing speckled pattern


  • Glossy, lance-shaped leaves
  • Deep green color

Growing White Toad Lily


  • Suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 4-9


  • Typically blooms from late summer to early fall, adding late-season interest to the garden


  • Grows to a height of approximately 18-24 inches


  • Spreads to about 12-18 inches wide

Toad Lily Plant Profile

Botanical Name

  • Tricyrtis formosana ‘White Towers’


  • Liliaceae


  • Native to East Asia

Growth Habit

  • Upright and arching stems

Tricyrtis Cultivar ‘White Towers’ Growing Conditions


  • Flourishes in organic, well-draining soil
  • Benefits from consistent moisture


  • Prefers partial to full shade
  • Can tolerate dappled sunlight

Water Requirements

  • Needs regular watering, particularly during dry spells


  • Responds well to a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in spring

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Care Guidelines


  • Minimal maintenance required
  • Prune dead or damaged stems as needed

Container Gardening

  • Well-suited for container planting
  • Adds an enchanting touch to outdoor living spaces

Toad Lilies for Landscaping

The ‘White Towers’ toad lily’s unique characteristics make it an excellent choice for landscaping projects. Whether used as a standalone feature or integrated into mixed perennial beds, this charming plant offers a myriad of landscaping possibilities.

White Toad Lily Flowers

Late-Season Interest

  • Blooms from late summer to early fall
  • Enhances the garden’s appeal during the latter part of the growing season

Attractive to Pollinators

  • Draws pollinators such as bees and butterflies

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Foliage

Texture Contrast

  • Glossy, deep green leaves create visual interest

Toad Lily Habitat

Woodland Settings

  • Well-suited for woodland gardens
  • Thrives in shaded borders and naturalistic plantings

Wildlife Attraction

  • Attracts pollinators, contributing to the garden’s ecosystem

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Unique Features

Ethereal Beauty

  • Elegantly arching stems adorned with enchanting white blooms
  • Adds a sense of wild beauty to any landscape

Toad Lily Uses

The ‘White Towers’ toad lily serves various purposes within the realm of gardening and landscaping. Understanding its potential applications guides gardeners in maximizing this plant’s unique attributes.

Best Soil for Toad Lilies

Soil Type

  • Flourishes in fertile, humus-rich soil
  • Requires good drainage to prevent waterlogging

Soil pH Preferences

  • Thrives in neutral to slightly acidic soil (pH 6.0-7.0)


  • Benefits from consistently moist soil

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ in Gardens

Shade Gardens

  • Ideal for shaded garden areas
  • Thrives under the canopy of trees or near tall shrubs

Companion Planting

  • Pair with other shade-loving perennials for a charming woodland garden effect

Toad Lily Varieties


  • Wide range of toad lily species and cultivars available
  • Varied flower colors and patterns for versatile garden design

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Landscape Uses


  • Suitable for woodland, shade, or naturalistic garden styles
  • Adds an element of intrigue to garden compositions

Container Gardening

  • Suits container displays on decks, patios, and balconies

Growing Toad Lilies: Care Tips and Techniques

Successfully cultivating and maintaining toad lilies, including the ‘White Towers’ variety, requires adherence to specific care guidelines and techniques. These practices play a crucial role in ensuring the plant’s health, vigor, and overall appeal.

Toad Lily Care Tips


  • Regular, deep watering, especially during dry spells
  • Avoid waterlogged soil conditions

Sunlight Preferences

  • Partial to full shade, particularly in warmer climates
  • Protect from intense midday sun

Fertilizer Application

  • Apply a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring
  • Avoid excessive fertilization, which can lead to leggy growth

Pruning Techniques

  • Minimal pruning required
  • Remove dead or damaged stems to maintain plant health

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Maintenance

Disease Prevention

  • Monitor for signs of fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and leaf spot
  • Promptly treat any detected issues with appropriate fungicides

Pest Control

  • Watch for slug and snail activity, particularly in moist conditions
  • Implement pest control methods as necessary, such as barriers or organic deterrents

White Toad Lily Seasonal Requirements

Summer Maintenance

  • Ensure consistent moisture during hot weather
  • Shield from intense sun to prevent leaf scorch

Winter Care

  • Mulch around the base of the plant in late fall to protect roots from frost

Bloom Time

  • Enjoy the delicate blooms from late summer to early fall

Pruning Techniques

  • Cut back spent flower stems after blooming to maintain a tidy appearance

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Propagation and Landscape Design

Expanding your collection of ‘White Towers’ toad lilies or incorporating them into diverse landscape designs often involves propagation and thoughtful design approaches. Understanding the methods for propagating and integrating this striking plant is essential for its successful introduction to new areas.

How to Propagate Toad Lilies


  • Divide mature clumps in early spring, ensuring each division has viable roots
  • Replant divisions in desired areas or containers

Stem Cuttings

  • Collect stem cuttings in spring or early summer
  • Pot cuttings in moist, well-draining soil and keep them in a warm, bright location

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Common Names

Common Designations

  • White toad lily
  • ‘White Towers’ toad lily
  • White speckled toad lily

Toad Lily Flower Arrangement Tips

Cut Flowers

  • Enjoy the delicate blooms in indoor arrangements
  • Provide fresh water and change it regularly to prolong vase life

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Landscape Design

Companion Planting

  • Pair with other shade-loving perennials to create a captivating woodland garden effect
  • Integrate into mixed perennial beds for diverse textures and visual appeal

Drought Tolerance

  • Moderately tolerant of dry periods once established
  • Provide supplemental watering during extended dry spells

Toad Lily Companion Planting Ideas

Foliage Contrast

  • Pair with plants featuring contrasting foliage textures and colors

Wildlife Attraction

  • Integrate with pollinator-friendly plants to boost garden biodiversity

Toad Lily Disease Prevention and Common Pests

Protecting ‘White Towers’ toad lilies from diseases and pests is essential for maintaining their health and ornamental value. Familiarizing yourself with potential threats and implementing preventive measures is crucial for effective disease and pest management.

Toad Lily Disease Prevention

Fungal Diseases

  • Regularly inspect the plant for signs of powdery mildew and leaf spot
  • Ensure proper air circulation to discourage fungal growth

Soil Drainage

  • Plant in well-draining soil to prevent waterlogged conditions, which can promote root rot

White Toad Lily Natural Habitat

Woodland Environments

  • Native to East Asia, particularly regions with moist, shaded woodlands

Regional Adaptability

  • Well-suited to regions with temperate climates and moderate moisture levels

Soil Preferences

  • Flourishes in humus-rich, soil with good drainage

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Pest Control

Slugs and Snails

  • Monitor for signs of slug and snail activity, particularly in damp conditions
  • Implement organic deterrents or physical barriers as needed

Toad Lily Winter Care


  • Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plant in late fall
  • Protects the roots from freezing temperatures

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Popularity and Maintenance

The widespread popularity of the ‘White Towers’ variety of toad lily stems from its captivating beauty, adaptability, and relatively low maintenance requirements. Understanding the factors that contribute to its appeal and the best practices for its upkeep is essential for maximizing its potential in various settings.

White Toad Lily Bloom Time

Late-Season Charm

  • Blooms from late summer to early fall, adding elegance to garden displays

Foliage Color

  • Glossy green leaves complement the delicate white blooms

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Growth Habit

Elegantly Arched Stems

  • Creates a graceful and eye-catching visual effect

Vigorous Growth

  • Forms dense clumps over time, providing lasting seasonal interest

Toad Lily Container Gardening

Container Suitability

  • Well-suited for container planting on patios, decks, and balconies
  • Adds an enchanting touch to outdoor living spaces

White Toad Lily Propagation Methods

Stem Cuttings

  • Collect stem cuttings in spring for propagation
  • Pot cuttings in a moist, well-draining medium and provide warmth and bright light

Tricyrtis ‘White Towers’ Common Names

Cultural Significance

  • Known by various common designations, reflecting its widespread presence in the gardening world

Versatile Uses

  • Suitable for a range of garden designs, from woodland and shade gardens to mixed perennial beds

Toad Lily Unique Features

Wildlife Attraction

  • Draws pollinators with its late-season blooms
  • Contributes to garden biodiversity

Wrapping Up

Toad lilies, including the ‘White Towers’ variety, are truly captivating plants that add a touch of ethereal beauty to any garden or landscape. Their unique characteristics, versatile uses, and relatively low maintenance requirements make them a valuable addition to various outdoor settings. By adhering to the care guidelines and incorporating them thoughtfully into garden designs, you can fully appreciate the charm and allure of these enchanting plants.

Remember that understanding the specific needs and preferences of toad lilies is crucial for their successful cultivation. By providing appropriate cultural conditions, protecting them from diseases and pests, and leveraging their unique features in landscaping, you can unlock the full potential of ‘White Towers’ toad lilies within your outdoor spaces.

Whether you’re seeking to enhance a shaded garden area, add seasonal interest to a woodland setting, or create captivating container displays, toad lilies offer a wealth of possibilities. Their delicate beauty, distinctive foliage, and unique late-season blooms make them a valuable asset to any garden or landscape design.

As you embark on your journey of cultivating and appreciating toad lilies, remember to cherish the elegance and wild beauty they bring to your outdoor spaces. With proper care and thoughtful placement, these enchanting plants are sure to leave a lasting impression and become cherished elements of your garden for years to come.

For more detailed information on toad lilies and related gardening topics, be sure to explore the external resources provided in the key takeaways section. Happy gardening!


  • Royal Horticultural Society – Tricyrtis formosana ‘White Towers’. Link
  • Missouri Botanical Garden – Toad Lily. Link

Please note that the information provided in this blog post is for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional gardening advice. Always consult with a qualified horticulturist or botanist for guidance specific to your garden’s needs.

Picture of Peter Taylors

Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.