Indian Grass (Sorghastrum Nutans ‘Bluebird’)

Plant: Table of Contents

Plant Profile: Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’)


In the world of ornamental grasses, Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans) stands out as a stunning and versatile option, particularly the cultivar ‘Bluebird.’ With its graceful, arching foliage and spectacular golden plumes, Indian grass is a valuable addition to landscapes, meadows, and naturalistic plantings. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the various aspects of Indian grass, focusing on the ‘Bluebird’ cultivar. From its cultural requirements to its ecological benefits, we’ll explore everything you need to know about this captivating plant.

What is Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’)?

Indian grass, scientifically known as Sorghastrum nutans, is a warm-season, native grass species that belongs to the Poaceae family. The ‘Bluebird’ cultivar is a selection known for its striking blue-green foliage that turns vibrant golden-orange in the fall, adding a burst of color to the landscape. This perennial grass is native to the tallgrass prairies of North America and has gained popularity for its ornamental value and ecological significance.

Key Takeaways – Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’)

Before we dive deeper into the specifics of growing and caring for Indian grass, let’s highlight some key takeaways that we’ll cover in this guide:

  1. Indian grass varieties
  2. Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’ features
  3. Ornamental Indian grass
  4. Indian grass cultivation tips
  5. Bluebird Indian grass care
  6. Native American Indian grass
  7. Sorghastrum nutans description
  8. Indian grass for landscaping
  9. Growing Sorghastrum nutans
  10. Bluebird Indian grass characteristics
  11. Indian grass identification
  12. Sorghastrum nutans native habitat
  13. Indian grass seeds
  14. Bluebird Indian grass propagation
  15. Benefits of Indian grass in gardens
  16. Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’ uses in mixed borders
  17. Indian grass as a groundcover
  18. Naturalistic plantings with Indian grass
  19. Indian grass for erosion control
  20. Wildlife habitat value of Sorghastrum nutans
  21. Indian grass in meadows
  22. Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’ growth habits
  23. Indian grass and pollinators
  24. Drought-tolerant Indian grass varieties
  25. Best companion plants for Sorghastrum nutans
  26. Indian grass in prairie restoration
  27. Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’ maintenance
  28. Indian grass in rain gardens
  29. Managing invasiveness of Sorghastrum nutans
  30. Indian grass for low-maintenance landscapes
  31. Bluebird Indian grass in containers
  32. Sustainable gardening with Indian grass
  33. Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’ growth rate
  34. Indian grass landscape design ideas
  35. Best soil conditions for Indian grass
  36. Sorghastrum nutans as a screen or barrier plant
  37. Indian grass in naturalistic designs
  38. Bluebird Indian grass foliage color
  39. Indian grass and its medicinal uses
  40. Sorghastrum nutans as a cut flower
  41. Indian grass and native plant gardening
  42. Pest and disease management for Bluebird Indian grass
  43. Sorghastrum nutans for urban landscapes
  44. Indian grass in prairie gardens
  45. Bluebird Indian grass in xeriscaping
  46. Creating wildlife corridors with Indian grass
  47. Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’ seasonal interest
  48. Indian grass in sustainable agriculture
  49. Bluebird Indian grass in meadow restoration
  50. Indian grass in ecological landscaping

Now, let’s embark on a journey to explore the culture, uses, and care requirements of Indian grass, focusing on the captivating ‘Bluebird’ cultivar.


The successful cultivation of Indian grass, particularly the ‘Bluebird’ variety, relies on understanding its specific cultural requirements. From soil preferences to watering needs, here’s what you need to know to ensure the optimal growth of this stunning ornamental grass.


  1. Landscaping: Indian grass, especially the ‘Bluebird’ cultivar, serves as a wonderful addition to landscaping projects, offering a striking display of color and texture.
  2. Wildlife Habitat: This native grass plays a crucial role in supporting wildlife, providing shelter and food for various bird species, insects, and small mammals.
  3. Erosion Control: With its deep and fibrous root system, Indian grass helps stabilize soil, making it an effective choice for erosion control in landscapes and restoration projects.
  4. Ornamental Plantings: The ornamental value of Indian grass, particularly its ‘Bluebird’ variant, makes it an ideal candidate for adding visual interest and seasonal color to garden beds and borders.


Indian grass, including the ‘Bluebird’ variety, exhibits relatively good drought tolerance once established. However, during the initial establishment period, it requires regular watering to encourage deep root development. Adequate soil moisture is essential for the plant’s health and survival, particularly during dry spells and hot summer months.


Being a warm-season grass, Indian grass thrives in full sun to partial shade conditions. In order to achieve the best color and flowering display, aim to provide at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day. Insufficient light exposure may lead to reduced plant vigor and diminished ornamental qualities.


Indian grass is known for its adaptability to various soil types and fertility levels. In most cases, it thrives without requiring supplemental fertilization. However, if the soil is nutrient-deficient, a balanced, slow-release fertilizer can be applied in early spring to support healthy growth and development. It’s crucial to avoid excessive nitrogen fertilization, as this can promote excessive foliage growth at the expense of flowering and overall plant health.


The ‘Bluebird’ Indian grass, like its species counterpart, prefers well-drained soils and can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils. However, it is important to ensure that the planting site does not become waterlogged, as poorly drained soils can lead to root rot and other moisture-related issues. Additionally, incorporating organic matter into the soil at the time of planting can enhance its fertility and structure, supporting the establishment and growth of Indian grass.


Pruning requirements for Indian grass, including the ‘Bluebird’ variety, are minimal. In late winter or early spring, it is beneficial to cut back the previous year’s foliage to a height of 4 to 6 inches above the ground to make way for new growth. This practice helps maintain the plant’s vigor, encourages fresh foliage, and enhances its overall appearance.


Indian grass can be propagated through several methods, with the most common being division and seed propagation.


  • Division is typically carried out in early spring before new growth emerges or in late summer to early fall.
  • To divide the plant, carefully dig up the clump and use a sharp knife or shovel to separate the individual sections, making sure that each division has well-developed roots and several growing points.
  • Replant the divisions at the appropriate spacing, ensuring that the soil is evenly moist to facilitate establishment.

Seed Propagation:

  • Indian grass can also be propagated from seeds, which are best sown in the fall after the seed heads have matured.
  • Prior to sowing, the seeds can be subjected to cold stratification for a few weeks to enhance germination rates.
  • Prepare a seedbed by loosening the soil, and sow the seeds at the recommended depth, keeping the soil consistently moist until germination occurs.

Container Popularity

The ‘Bluebird’ Indian grass, due to its compact size and ornamental appeal, has gained popularity as a container plant. Its attractive foliage and inflorescences make it an excellent choice for adding visual interest to outdoor spaces, patios, and balconies. When grown in containers, it is important to ensure that the soil has good drainage, and regular watering is provided, especially during periods of prolonged heat and drought.

Container Common Diseases

When grown in containers, Indian grass, including the ‘Bluebird’ cultivar, may be susceptible to certain diseases, particularly those related to overly moist or poorly drained conditions.

Disease Diagnosis

Common diseases that can affect Indian grass in containers include:

  1. Root Rot: This fungal disease, caused by overly wet or waterlogged soil conditions, can lead to root decay and eventual decline of the plant. Symptoms include wilting, yellowing foliage, and stunted growth.

  2. Leaf Spot: Leaf spot diseases, caused by various fungal pathogens, can manifest as small to large spots on the foliage, often leading to premature leaf drop and reduced plant vigor.

Common Pests

While Indian grass is relatively resistant to most pests, certain insects may occasionally cause issues in both landscape and container settings.

Botanist’s Tips

To maintain the health and vitality of Indian grass, it is crucial to monitor for the presence of potential pests and diseases, particularly when the plant is grown in containers. Providing proper air circulation, avoiding overwatering, and implementing good sanitation practices can help prevent common issues such as root rot and foliar diseases.

Fun Facts

  1. Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans) plays a significant role in ecological landscaping by supporting pollinators and providing habitat for wildlife, including birds and small mammals.
  2. The vibrant plumes of Indian grass are not only visually appealing but also serve as a food source for birds, particularly during the winter months when other food options are scarce.
  3. The deep root system of Indian grass enhances soil stability and contributes to erosion control in naturalistic and restoration projects, making it an invaluable addition to ecological and sustainable landscapes.

Links to External Resources

For further information on Indian grass and its ‘Bluebird’ cultivar, you may find the following resources helpful:
The American Society of Landscape Architects
The Native Plant Society
The USDA Plants Database


In conclusion, Indian grass, particularly the cultivar ‘Bluebird’ (Sorghastrum nutans ‘Bluebird’), is a versatile and visually captivating plant that brings an array of benefits to landscapes, naturalistic plantings, and ecological restoration projects. With its striking foliage, showy inflorescences, and wildlife-supporting attributes, this native grass is a valuable addition to sustainable landscapes, gardens, and urban green spaces.

By understanding its specific cultural requirements, including water, sunlight, soil, and care practices, you can successfully incorporate Indian grass into your landscape design while contributing to the conservation of native plant species and the enhancement of ecological diversity.

Whether used as a focal point in mixed borders, a sustainable option for erosion control, or a contributor to wildlife habitat preservation, Indian grass, with its ‘Bluebird’ variant, offers an abundance of ornamental and ecological benefits that make it a standout choice for gardeners, landscapers, and plant enthusiasts alike.

Picture of Peter Taylors

Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.