Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’)

Plant: Table of Contents

Plant Profile: Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’)


Columbine, also known as Aquilegia ‘Dove,’ is a delightful perennial plant that belongs to the Ranunculaceae family. This plant is renowned for its unique and intricate flowers, making it a beloved addition to gardens and landscapes worldwide. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the culture, uses, care requirements, propagation, common diseases, and fun facts about the Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’), providing valuable insights for plant enthusiasts and gardeners.

Key Takeaways – Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’)

  • Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) is a perennial plant known for its intricate and alluring flowers.
  • The plant thrives in well-drained soil and prefers partial shade to full sun.
  • Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) is low-maintenance and attracts pollinators such as hummingbirds and bees.
  • It is used for ornamental purposes and can be grown in containers, adding beauty to patios and balconies.

Description and Characteristics

Columbine (Aquilegia) is a genus of about 60–70 species of perennial plants that are found in meadows, woodlands, and at higher altitudes throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The plants are known for their distinctive spurred petals and wide color range, making them a desirable addition to gardens. Aquilegia ‘Dove’ is a specific variety of Columbine that carries its own unique traits and allure.

Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) Characteristics

  • Plant Type: Perennial
  • Flower Color: Predominantly white with soft blue accents
  • Height: Up to 2 feet
  • Bloom Time: Late spring to early summer
  • Attracts: Hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies


Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) has a rich cultural significance and various uses. Understanding its cultural context can provide valuable insights into its historical and contemporary importance.


Columbine has been valued for its medicinal, decorative, and symbolic qualities throughout history. From herbal remedies to ornamental garden features, the plant has served multiple purposes:

  • Medicinal Uses: In traditional medicine, Columbine was used to treat various ailments, ranging from skin conditions to digestive issues.
  • Ornamental Purposes: Its striking flowers make Columbine a popular choice for gardens, landscapes, and cut flower arrangements.
  • Symbolism: Columbine has been associated with love, affection, and positive emotions in folklore and myths.

Care Guide

To cultivate healthy and vibrant Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’), it is essential to understand its specific care requirements, including water, sunlight, fertilizer, soil, pruning, and propagation.


Proper watering is crucial for the health and vitality of Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’). Here are some key considerations for watering this plant:

  • Watering Frequency: Columbine generally requires moderate watering, especially during dry spells or periods of intense heat.
  • Soil Moisture: Ensure that the soil is well-draining to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.


Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) thrives under specific light conditions, and providing adequate sunlight is essential for its growth and flowering:

  • Light Requirements: Partial shade to full sun is preferred, especially in regions with hot summers.
  • Protection from Harsh Sun: In hotter climates, providing some shade during the hottest part of the day can prevent scorching.


Applying the right type of fertilizer can promote healthy growth and abundant flowering in Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’):

  • Fertilizing Schedule: Apply a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer in early spring as new growth emerges and once more after the first bloom.
  • Avoid Excessive Fertilization: Over-fertilization can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of blooming.


The choice of soil type and quality is vital for the success of Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove):

  • Well-Draining Soil: Columbine thrives in well-drained, fertile soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH.
  • Amendment: Adding organic matter such as compost or peat moss can enhance soil structure for improved growth.


Proper pruning helps maintain the health, shape, and flowering of Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove):

  • Deadheading Flowers: Removing spent flowers can encourage prolonged blooming and prevent self-seeding.
  • Seasonal Pruning: After the flowering season, removing damaged or dead foliage can help maintain the plant’s vigor.


Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) can be propagated by various methods, including seeds and divisions:

  • Seed Propagation: Collecting and sowing mature seeds in a well-prepared seedbed in late summer or early fall can yield new plants.
  • Division: Dividing established clumps in early spring or fall can rejuvenate the plants and create new specimens.

Container Popularity

Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) is well-suited for container gardening, bringing its unique beauty to patios, balconies, and small spaces.

Container Uses

Growing Columbine in containers offers several advantages, including:

  • Space-Saving: Ideal for gardens with limited space or urban settings.
  • Ornamental Display: Provides a stunning display of intricate flowers at eye level.
  • Flexibility: Allows for strategic placement and mobility, depending on sunlight and aesthetic preferences.

Common Diseases

Like many plants, Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) is susceptible to certain diseases, and understanding them is crucial for effective management.

Disease Diagnosis

Here are some common diseases that can affect Columbine and their diagnostic symptoms:

  • Powdery Mildew: White powdery spots on leaves, often in humid conditions.
  • Leaf Spots: Circular or irregular spots on leaves, often with a dark border, caused by various fungal pathogens or bacteria.
  • Rust: Orange or yellowish powdery spots on leaves, usually on the lower surface.

Disease Prevention and Management

Preventative measures and early intervention can help in controlling and managing these common diseases:

  • Good Air Circulation: Avoid overcrowding and ensure proper spacing between plants to promote airflow and reduce humidity.
  • Fungicidal Treatments: When necessary, apply appropriate fungicides to control fungal diseases, following label instructions closely.

Common Pests

Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) may also fall prey to certain pests, and proactive pest management is essential for maintaining plant health.

Common Pests

Identifying and understanding the behavior of common pests can aid in their control and prevention:

  • Aphids: Small, soft-bodied insects that can congregate on new growth and flower buds, causing stunted growth and distortion.
  • Leaf Miners: Larvae that feed within plant leaves, creating squiggly lines or tunnels.
  • Columbine Sawfly: Larvae that feed on Columbine leaves, causing defoliation if present in large numbers.

Pest Control

Several strategies can be employed to manage pest infestations and minimize damage to Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove):

  • Handpicking: Remove pests by hand or with a strong stream of water to dislodge them from the plant.
  • Natural Predators: Encourage the presence of natural predators such as ladybugs and lacewings to control aphid populations.
  • Insecticidal Soaps: Targeted applications of insecticidal soaps can effectively manage certain pest populations.

Botanist’s Tips

Drawing on the expertise of botanists and horticulturists can provide valuable insights and tips for successful Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) cultivation.

Expert Recommendations

Here are some expert tips for growing healthy and beautiful Columbine plants:

  • Selecting Varieties: Explore different Columbine varieties to diversify your garden with a range of colors and forms.
  • Companion Planting: Pair Columbine with compatible plants to create visually appealing and ecologically beneficial garden designs.
  • Wildlife Attraction: Utilize Columbine’s pollinator-friendly nature to attract and support diverse wildlife in your garden or landscape.

Fun Facts

Uncover interesting and lesser-known facts about Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) that add a touch of intrigue to this captivating plant:

  • Historical Significance: Columbine has been associated with various legends and folklore, including its use as a love charm in ancient times.
  • Hybrid Diversity: The genus Aquilegia encompasses a wide array of hybrids, offering an extensive palette of colors and forms for gardeners to explore.
  • Nectar Spur Adaptation: The distinctive nectar spurs of Columbine flowers have co-evolved with their pollinators, showcasing remarkable adaptations for ensuring successful pollination.

Links to External Resources

For further exploration and in-depth information about Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’), the following external resources offer valuable insights and guidance:

In conclusion, Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) stands out as an enchanting and versatile plant that attracts attention and admiration in various settings. With its captivating flowers, low-maintenance nature, and historical significance, this perennial species offers a wealth of opportunities for cultivation, appreciation, and exploration. By understanding and implementing the key considerations outlined in this guide, gardeners and plant enthusiasts can foster thriving Columbine (Aquilegia ‘Dove’) specimens, adding a touch of elegance and allure to their outdoor spaces.

Picture of Peter Taylors

Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.