Creeping Juniper (Juniperus Horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’)

Plant: Table of Contents

Creeping Juniper (Juniperus Horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’)

Creeping juniper, scientifically known as Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’, is a low-growing, evergreen shrub that forms a dense carpet of attractive blue-green foliage. This plant is a popular choice for ground cover due to its spreading habit and tolerance to various environmental conditions.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the characteristics of creeping juniper, its cultural requirements, common uses in landscaping, propagation techniques, and tips for maintenance and disease prevention. Whether you are considering adding this versatile plant to your garden or seeking to enhance your knowledge as a plant enthusiast, this article will provide valuable insights into the world of creeping juniper.

What is Creeping Juniper (Juniperus Horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’)?

Creeping juniper, also known as Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’, is a prostrate evergreen shrub belonging to the Cupressaceae family. It is native to North America and is valued for its sprawling growth habit, which makes it an excellent choice for ground cover in a wide range of settings. The ‘Blue Forest’ variety is particularly prized for its striking blue-green foliage, adding visual interest to garden landscapes.

Key Takeaways – Creeping Juniper (Juniperus Horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’)

  • Family: Cupressaceae
  • Genus: Juniperus
  • Species: horizontalis
  • Variety: ‘Blue Forest’

Now, let’s delve deeper into the specific cultural requirements, uses, propagation methods, and maintenance tips for creeping juniper.



Creeping juniper is known for its drought tolerance once established. While it prefers well-draining soil, it can withstand periods of dryness. However, it is important to provide regular watering, especially during the plant’s establishment phase. Once the roots are established, the plant is relatively self-sufficient in terms of water requirements.


This plant thrives in full sun to partial shade. It is essential to provide ample sunlight to promote dense and vigorous growth. In shady areas, the plant may become less dense and exhibit less vibrant foliage coloration.


Creeping juniper generally does not require heavy feeding. A balanced, slow-release fertilizer applied in early spring can support healthy growth. It is important to avoid over-fertilization, as excessive nutrients can lead to rapid, weak growth and detract from the plant’s natural form.


Well-draining soil is crucial for the health of creeping juniper. It prefers slightly acidic to neutral soil with good drainage. Heavy clay soils should be amended with organic matter to improve drainage and aeration.


Ground Cover

One of the primary uses of creeping juniper is as a ground cover plant. Its low, spreading habit allows it to fill in large areas and provide erosion control on slopes and banks. It is particularly well-suited for rocky terrain and can thrive in challenging landscapes where other plants may struggle.


Creeping juniper is often used in landscaping to create visually appealing ground cover arrangements. Its trailing growth habit adds dimension and texture to garden beds, rock gardens, and borders. When planted en masse, it can create a striking sea of blue-green foliage, enhancing the overall aesthetic of the landscape.

Erosion Control

Due to its extensive root system and low growth habit, creeping juniper is an effective option for stabilizing soil on slopes and preventing erosion. Its ability to thrive in harsh conditions makes it a valuable asset in erosion-prone areas.


Proper pruning is essential for maintaining the health and aesthetics of creeping juniper. Pruning should be carried out selectively to remove dead or diseased branches and to shape the plant as desired. It is advisable to avoid cutting into old wood, as junipers have limited ability to sprout from old growth.


Creeping juniper can be propagated through various methods, including:
Softwood Cuttings: Softwood cuttings taken in late spring to early summer can be rooted to propagate new plants.
Layering: Stems can be bent down to the ground and covered with soil to encourage rooting, after which they can be separated to form new plants.
Seeds: While creeping juniper can be grown from seed, this method is less commonly used due to the time it takes to reach maturity.

Container Popularity

In addition to its uses in landscaping and ground cover, creeping juniper’s versatility extends to container gardening. Its trailing growth habit makes it an attractive choice for cascading over the edges of containers or hanging baskets, providing visual interest and texture to outdoor spaces.

Common Diseases

Disease Diagnosis

Some common diseases that may affect creeping juniper include:
Phytophthora Root Rot: This fungal disease can lead to root rot and decline in plant health. Symptoms include wilting, browning of foliage, and stunted growth.
Tip Blight: Caused by fungi such as Phomopsis juniperovora, this disease can result in the browning and dieback of branch tips.

Common Pests

Botanist’s Tips

To prevent common diseases and pests, it is important to implement good cultural practices, including:
Proper Watering: Avoid overwatering, as excessively moist conditions can create favorable environments for disease development.
Air Circulation: Ensure adequate spacing between plants to promote air circulation and reduce humidity, which can contribute to disease issues.
Sanitation: Regularly remove and dispose of any diseased plant material to prevent the spread of pathogens.

Fun Facts

  • Creeping juniper is utilized for its aromatic wood, which is often used in the production of cedar chests and other wooden goods.
  • Some varieties of creeping juniper are known for their proclivity to change color throughout the year, displaying hues ranging from blue-green to bronze in different seasons.

Now that we have explored the cultural aspects, uses, propagation methods, and common issues related to creeping juniper, let’s explore external resources that provide in-depth information about this plant.

Links to External Resources

For further information on creeping juniper (Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’), the following resources offer valuable insights and guidance:
1. Royal Horticultural Society – Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’
2. U.S. Department of Agriculture – Plant Guide: Creeping Juniper
3. Missouri Botanical Garden – Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’

In conclusion, creeping juniper (Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Forest’) is a versatile and visually appealing plant that holds significant value in landscaping, erosion control, and container gardening. By understanding its cultural requirements, uses, propagation methods, and common issues, gardeners and plant enthusiasts can successfully incorporate this low-growing evergreen into their outdoor spaces while ensuring its long-term health and vitality.

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Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.