Taro (Colocasia Esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’)

Plant: Table of Contents

Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’): A Comprehensive Guide

What is Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’)?

Taro, scientifically known as Colocasia esculenta, is a tropical plant that belongs to the Araceae family. It is widely recognized for its starchy corms, a staple food in many tropical regions and is extensively cultivated for its edible roots. The ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’ variety is a specific cultivar of Colocasia esculenta characterized by its unique coloring and is highly valued for its culinary and ornamental uses.

Key Takeaways – Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’)

Before delving into the intricate details of the ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’ taro, let’s skim through the key takeaways of this versatile plant:

  • Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’) is a tropical plant, prized for its starchy corms.
  • This variety of taro, ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha,’ is known for its alluring coloring and is valued for both culinary and ornamental purposes.
  • It requires ample water and thrives in partial to full sunlight.
  • Well-draining, fertile soil and organic fertilizer are essential for its optimal growth.
  • Proper pruning and propagation techniques can help in maintaining the plant’s vigor and multiplying its numbers.
  • Taro plants are susceptible to certain diseases and pests, which necessitate timely identification and intervention.
  • This guide will also cover the botanist’s tips, fun facts, and provide links to external resources for further exploration of this fascinating plant.

Now, let’s delve deeper into understanding the intricate details of taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’).


Understanding the cultural requirements of taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’) is crucial for its successful cultivation. This section will delve into the different cultural aspects and conditions necessary for the plant’s optimal growth.


Taro plants thrive in consistently moist soil and are often cultivated in wetland ecosystems, indicating their requirement for ample water. Adequate irrigation is essential, particularly during dry spells, to ensure the soil remains consistently moist. However, it is important to note that waterlogging should be avoided, as it can lead to root rot and other related issues.


In terms of sunlight requirements, taro plants flourish in partial to full sunlight. While they can tolerate partial shade, providing them with ample sunlight encourages robust growth and optimal corm development.


Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’) has a myriad of uses, extending from culinary to ornamental and cultural purposes. Understanding the diverse applications of this plant is crucial in appreciating its significance in various contexts.

Culinary Uses

One of the primary uses of taro is its significance as a food crop. The corms of the taro plant are rich in starch and are widely used in culinary preparations across different cultures. From savory dishes to delectable desserts, taro is a versatile ingredient with a unique flavor profile. The corms can be boiled, steamed, roasted, mashed, or used to prepare chips, flour, soup, salad, dessert, and even smoothies.

Ornamental Uses

Beyond its culinary significance, certain varieties of taro, including the ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha,’ are valued for their ornamental appeal. The striking foliage and unique coloring make them popular choices for landscaping and ornamental gardening.

Cultural and Traditional Significance

Taro holds significant cultural and traditional value in various societies. It is deeply rooted in Hawaiian, Polynesian, and Asian cultures, where it plays a central role in traditional cuisines and ceremonial practices. Additionally, taro is associated with various folklore and symbolism, signifying fertility, prosperity, and sustenance in many cultures.


Fertilization plays a crucial role in the cultivation of taro plants, ensuring their nutritional needs are met for robust growth and optimum corm development.

Soil Fertility

Taro plants thrive in fertile, well-draining soil rich in organic matter. It is recommended to incorporate organic fertilizers, such as compost or well-rotted manure, into the soil before planting to enhance its fertility and provide essential nutrients for the plant’s growth.

Nutrient Requirements

Key nutrients essential for taro plants include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Nitrogen is crucial for leaf and corm development, while phosphorus aids in root and tuber formation. Potassium contributes to overall plant vigor and disease resistance. Regular application of balanced fertilizers tailored to the specific nutrient requirements of taro plants is recommended for optimal growth.


Selecting the appropriate soil type and maintaining its health are crucial factors in the successful cultivation of taro plants.

Soil Type

Taro plants thrive in loamy, well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. It is essential to avoid waterlogged or compacted soil, as it can lead to root rot and hinder the plant’s growth.

Soil Health

Maintaining soil health is essential for the long-term productivity of taro plants. Regular soil testing can help assess nutrient levels and pH, enabling the formulation of targeted soil amendments and fertilization practices.


Pruning is a vital cultural practice that contributes to the overall health and vigor of taro plants.

Removal of Unwanted Growth

Regular pruning helps in managing the growth of taro plants and eliminates any unwanted or diseased foliage. This practice promotes air circulation and reduces the risk of fungal diseases, enhancing the overall health of the plant.

Corm Harvesting

Pruning is also essential during the harvesting of taro corms. Proper techniques for corm extraction and plant management post-harvest significantly impact the plant’s ability to regenerate and produce new corms.


Effective propagation techniques play a pivotal role in multiplying taro plants and maintaining their genetic diversity.

Division of Corms

Division of corms is a common method of propagating taro plants. It involves carefully separating the corms and planting the divisions in suitable growing conditions.

Sucker Propagation

Sucker propagation involves the use of side shoots or suckers that develop from the main corm. These suckers can be carefully detached and planted to propagate new taro plants.

Container Popularity

While taro plants are predominantly grown in traditional garden settings and wetland environments, they have also gained popularity as container plants, particularly in regions with limited outdoor space or unsuitable soil conditions.

Ornamental Value

Taro plants, including the ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’ variety, are prized for their ornamental foliage and unique colors, making them attractive choices for container gardening and indoor decorative purposes.

Urban Gardening

The adaptability of taro plants to container cultivation makes them accessible to urban gardeners, enabling them to enjoy growing this tropical plant despite spatial constraints.

Container Common Diseases

Container cultivation presents specific challenges and risks related to plant health and disease management. It is essential to be aware of the common diseases that may affect taro plants grown in containers.

Root Rot

Overwatering and inadequate drainage in containers can lead to root rot, a fungal disease that affects the roots of taro plants. This can result in wilting, yellowing of foliage, and overall decline in plant health.

Leaf Spot

Leaf spot diseases caused by fungal pathogens can affect the foliage of taro plants, leading to the development of dark, necrotic lesions. Proper watering practices and adequate air circulation are essential for managing and preventing leaf spot diseases in container-grown taro plants.

Disease Diagnosis

Early diagnosis of plant diseases is critical in implementing timely interventions to mitigate the spread and impact of diseases.

Visual Symptoms

Careful observation of the plant’s foliage, stems, and roots can provide valuable insights into the presence of diseases. Symptoms such as wilting, discoloration, lesions, and unusual growth patterns can indicate potential diseases.

Laboratory Diagnosis

In cases where visual symptoms are inconclusive, laboratory diagnosis through pathogen testing and microscopic examination can help accurately identify the causal agents of diseases affecting taro plants.

Common Pests

Taro plants are susceptible to various pests that can compromise their health and yield if left unchecked.

Taro Beetle

The taro beetle is a common pest that feeds on the leaves of taro plants, leading to defoliation and reduced photosynthetic activity. Monitoring for beetle activity and implementing appropriate pest management strategies are essential for preventing damage.


Aphids can infest taro plants, leading to stunted growth and the development of sticky honeydew on the foliage. Natural predators, such as ladybugs and lacewings, can help in controlling aphid populations.

Botanist’s Tips

Enriching the understanding of taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’) with insights and tips from botanists can provide valuable guidance for successful cultivation and appreciation of this unique plant.

Cultivation in Tropical and Subtropical Regions

Taro plants thrive in tropical and subtropical environments with warm temperatures and high humidity. Understanding the specific climatic requirements of taro is essential for cultivating it in optimal conditions.

Importance of Soil Moisture

Maintaining adequate soil moisture is crucial for the health and vigor of taro plants. Mulching and regular irrigation practices can help in retaining soil moisture levels, supporting the plant’s growth.

Disease Prevention

Proactive measures, such as crop rotation, sanitation, and monitoring for signs of diseases and pests, are critical for preventing and managing potential threats to taro plants.

Fun Facts

Uncover some fascinating and intriguing facts about taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’) that showcase its unique qualities and cultural significance.

  • Taro has been cultivated for over 2,000 years and holds a prominent place in the traditional agriculture and culinary practices of many cultures.
  • The ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’ variety of taro is renowned for its captivating purple stems and vibrant green leaves, making it a sought-after choice for ornamental gardening.
  • Taro corms are a rich source of nutrients, including essential vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber, contributing to its nutritional value and health benefits.

Links to External Resources

Explore further insights and information about taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’) from the following reputable sources:

  1. University of Hawaii at Manoa – College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
  2. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations – Taro Cultivation Guide
  3. Royal Hawaiian Taro Company
  4. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) – Colocasia esculenta
  5. National Tropical Botanical Garden – Taro Plant Conservation


The ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’ variety of taro (Colocasia esculenta) embodies an intriguing blend of cultural significance, culinary versatility, and ornamental appeal. Its vibrant colors and rich history make it a captivating subject for enthusiasts of gardening, horticulture, and cultural studies. By understanding its cultural, nutritional, and horticultural aspects, we can appreciate the profound significance of taro in various societies and ecosystems.

Ensure to check out for more intriguing facts and comprehensive resources about taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Royal Hawaiian Aloha’) in the links provided in the article. Plus, cultivate an in-depth understanding by exploring other relevant scholarly resources.

Picture of Peter Taylors

Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.