Taro (Colocasia Esculenta ‘Mojito’)

Plant: Table of Contents

Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’): The Versatile and Exotic Plant

Taro, scientifically known as Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’, is an intriguing and versatile plant that has been cherished for centuries. This tropical species is not only valued for its culinary uses but also holds cultural and traditional significance in various parts of the world. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the multifaceted nature of the taro plant, including its cultivation, care, uses, and much more.

What is Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

Taro Plant

Taro, also known as Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’, is a herbaceous, perennial plant belonging to the Araceae family. It is native to Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent and has been cultivated for thousands of years for its edible corms and leaves. The ‘Mojito’ variety of taro is particularly known for its striking and vibrant foliage, making it a popular choice for both culinary and ornamental purposes.

Key Takeaways – Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

  • Taro, scientifically known as Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’, is a tropical plant with edible corms and leaves.
  • The ‘Mojito’ variety is characterized by its unique and colorful foliage, making it a popular ornamental plant.
  • This plant has cultural significance in various cuisines and is used in traditional dishes worldwide.

Now, let’s delve into the various aspects of taro plant care, cultivation, and usage to gain a comprehensive understanding of this fascinating botanical specimen.

Cultivation of Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

Cultivating taro, especially the ‘Mojito’ variety, requires careful attention to its specific needs in terms of water, sunlight, soil, and other factors. By following the right cultivation practices, you can ensure the healthy growth and development of this exotic plant. Here’s a detailed look at the essential cultivation requirements for taro.


Taro plants thrive in consistently moist soil and are ideally suited to wetland cultivation. Adequate water supply is crucial for the growth and development of the plant, especially during the growing season. While taro can withstand periods of waterlogging, it is important to avoid prolonged dry spells to prevent stunted growth and poor corm formation.


Taro plants prefer partial shade to full sun, especially in regions with hot, tropical climates. Providing a balance of sunlight and shade helps in promoting healthy foliage growth and prevents leaf burn. In cooler climates, taro can tolerate more sun exposure, but care should be taken to ensure sufficient moisture to compensate for increased evaporation.


Proper fertilization is essential for the optimal growth of taro plants. A balanced, all-purpose fertilizer can be applied during the growing season to supply essential nutrients. Additionally, organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure can be incorporated into the soil to improve its fertility and water retention capacity.


Taro plants thrive in rich, loamy soil with good drainage. The soil should be slightly acidic to neutral (pH 5.5–7.0) for the best results. When cultivating taro in containers, a well-draining potting mix with plenty of organic matter can be used to replicate the ideal growing conditions.

Pruning Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

Pruning taro plants, particularly the ‘Mojito’ variety, is essential for maintaining their aesthetic appeal and controlling excessive growth. Regular pruning helps in shaping the plant, removing damaged or diseased foliage, and promoting air circulation within the canopy. While taro plants do not require extensive pruning, periodic removal of spent leaves and occasional thinning can help in revitalizing the plant and preventing overcrowding.

When pruning taro plants, it is important to use clean, sharp tools to avoid introducing diseases or causing unnecessary damage to the plant. Additionally, any diseased or infested plant material should be promptly removed and disposed of to prevent the spread of pests and diseases.

Propagation of Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

Propagating taro plants, including the ‘Mojito’ variety, can be achieved through several methods such as division, corms, and offshoots. Here are the primary propagation techniques for taro:


Dividing established taro plants is a common method of propagation. This process involves carefully separating the rhizomes or corms into sections, each containing viable buds or growth points. The divided sections can then be replanted in suitable growing conditions to establish new plants.


Taro corms can be used for propagation by selecting healthy, disease-free specimens and planting them in the desired location. When planting taro corms, it is important to ensure adequate moisture and protection from extreme temperatures to support successful germination and growth.


Taro plants often produce offshoots or side shoots that can be carefully separated from the parent plant and replanted to propagate new specimens. Offshoots should be handled with care to minimize damage to the root system and promote healthy establishment in their new environment.

Popular Uses of Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

Taro, particularly the ‘Mojito’ variety, has a wide range of culinary, cultural, and traditional uses in different parts of the world. From its significance in Asian cuisine to its ornamental appeal in garden design, taro holds a special place in various aspects of human life. Let’s explore the popular uses of taro in greater detail.

Culinary Uses

Taro is renowned for its versatile culinary applications, with both its corms and leaves being utilized in diverse dishes and preparations. The starchy corms can be cooked, mashed, or roasted, making them a popular ingredient in soups, stews, and savory dishes. Taro leaves, on the other hand, are often used in traditional recipes such as laing, a Filipino dish made with coconut milk and spices.

Ornamental Appeal

The ‘Mojito’ variety of taro is valued for its striking foliage, which features a blend of green, white, and purple hues. This ornamental appeal makes it a sought-after addition to garden landscapes, where it can be grown in containers or as part of water gardens. The vibrant leaves of the ‘Mojito’ taro add visual interest to outdoor spaces and contribute to tropical-themed gardens.

Traditional Significance

In addition to its culinary and ornamental uses, taro holds cultural and traditional significance in various societies and ethnic cuisines. From Polynesian cultures to Mediterranean and Caribbean cuisines, taro is woven into traditional recipes, rituals, and folklore, symbolizing prosperity, fertility, and sustenance.

Links to External Resources

For further details on the culinary uses of taro and its significance in different cultures, you may find the following resources helpful:

By exploring these external resources, you can gain deeper insights into the diverse uses and cultural symbolism associated with taro in various culinary traditions.

Common Diseases of Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

Taro plants, including the ‘Mojito’ variety, are susceptible to certain diseases that can impact their growth and overall health. By understanding the common diseases and their symptoms, plant enthusiasts can take proactive measures to prevent and manage these issues effectively. Let’s examine some of the prevalent diseases that may affect taro plants.

Disease Symptoms Management
Taro Leaf Blight Dark, water-soaked lesions on leaves Fungicidal sprays, removal of infected foliage
Taro Root Rot Discolored, decaying corms and root system Improve drainage, avoid waterlogging, fungicidal treatment
Taro Mosaic Virus Mottled or distorted leaf patterns, stunted growth Remove infected plants, control insect vectors

These are just a few examples of the diseases that taro plants may encounter. Implementing proper cultural practices, maintaining a clean and well-ventilated growing environment, and monitoring the plants for any signs of disease can significantly reduce the risk of these issues.

Disease Diagnosis and Management

Diagnosing and managing diseases in taro plants requires a keen eye for symptoms and an understanding of effective control methods. When observing potential disease symptoms on taro plants, it is essential to accurately identify the problem before implementing appropriate management strategies.

Observation and Identification

Careful observation of the plant’s foliage, stems, and corms can reveal indications of disease. Look for unusual discolorations, lesions, or abnormal growth patterns that may signal the presence of pathogens or environmental stressors. Additionally, consider the plant’s overall vigor and resilience as a potential indicator of underlying health issues.

Cultural Control Methods

Cultural control methods, such as proper irrigation practices, soil management, and sanitation, play a crucial role in preventing and managing diseases in taro plants. Maintain optimal growing conditions, remove and destroy infected plant material, and avoid overcrowding to minimize the risk of disease spread.

Chemical Treatments

In cases where diseases pose a significant threat to taro plants, targeted chemical treatments such as fungicides or bactericides may be used to control the spread of pathogens. It is important to select appropriate products and apply them according to recommended guidelines to ensure effectiveness and minimize environmental impact.

Disease-Resistant Varieties

Selecting disease-resistant varieties of taro, including the ‘Mojito’ cultivar, can provide an added layer of protection against common pathogens. Resistant varieties are bred to withstand specific diseases, offering a more sustainable and environmentally friendly approach to disease management.

By combining these disease diagnosis and management strategies, plant enthusiasts can safeguard their taro plants, including the ‘Mojito’ variety, against potential diseases and promote long-term plant health.

Common Pests Affecting Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

Taro plants, like many other cultivated species, can fall victim to various pests that feed on their foliage, corms, and stems. Identifying and addressing these potential pest problems is essential for maintaining the vitality and productivity of taro plants.

Notable Pests

  • Taro Beetle: This beetle species can cause extensive damage to taro plants by feeding on the leaves, resulting in defoliation and reduced photosynthetic capacity. Regular scouting and prompt intervention are crucial for controlling taro beetle infestations.

  • Taro Caterpillar: The larvae of certain moth species can feed on taro leaves, often causing extensive defoliation and impacting the plant’s growth. Biological control methods and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) products can be used to manage taro caterpillar populations.

  • Aphids and Whiteflies: These sap-sucking insects can infest taro plants, leading to stunted growth, distorted foliage, and reduced vigor. Horticultural oils, insecticidal soaps, or targeted insecticides can be employed to mitigate aphid and whitefly infestations.

  • Scales and Mealybugs: These pests can affect the tender growth of taro plants, causing wilting, yellowing, and the development of sooty mold. Systemic insecticides and cultural control measures can be utilized to combat scale and mealybug populations effectively.

By staying vigilant and implementing integrated pest management (IPM) techniques, plant growers can effectively mitigate the negative impact of these pests on taro plants, preserving their health and productivity.

Botanist’s Tips for Growing Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

As a plant scientist, I have developed several key tips for successfully growing and maintaining taro, particularly the ‘Mojito’ variety. By incorporating these insights into your cultivation practices, you can enhance the overall health and productivity of your taro plants.

Tip 1: Provide Adequate Moisture

Taro plants thrive in consistently moist soil, making regular irrigation essential, especially during the growing season. Pay close attention to soil moisture levels and ensure that the plants receive sufficient water to support healthy growth and corm development.

Tip 2: Choose the Right Growing Environment

When cultivating ‘Mojito’ taro, select a location with partial shade to protect the plant from intense sun exposure. Additionally, ensure that the soil provides good drainage and is rich in organic matter to support robust growth.

Tip 3: Monitor for Pests and Diseases

Regularly inspect your taro plants for signs of pests and diseases to detect potential issues early on. By identifying and addressing these problems promptly, you can prevent them from escalating and causing significant damage to the plants.

Tip 4: Support Balanced Nutrition

Provide balanced nutrition to your taro plants by applying a suitable fertilizer during the growing season. Choose a fertilizer with a balanced NPK ratio to supply essential nutrients and promote healthy foliage and corm development.

Tip 5: Practice Integrated Management

Adopt integrated management approaches to pest and disease control, considering cultural, biological, and chemical methods to maintain a balanced and sustainable growing environment.

By following these botanist’s tips and tailoring them to the specific needs of taro plants, you can nurture vibrant and flourishing ‘Mojito’ taro specimens in your garden or landscape.

Fun Facts About Taro (Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’)

To further appreciate the allure of taro, let’s explore some fun and fascinating facts about this remarkable plant:

  • Taro has a rich history, dating back thousands of years, and is believed to have been one of the earliest cultivated plants.
  • The leaves of taro plants are often used as wrapping material for food in various cultures, providing a natural and biodegradable alternative to modern packaging materials.
  • Taro root is a staple ingredient in traditional Hawaiian cuisine, where it is used to prepare the popular dish known as poi, a starchy and nutritious pudding.
  • Taro is often associated with symbolism related to prosperity, fertility, and longevity in many cultures, reflecting its significance beyond its culinary uses.

By delving into these intriguing facts, we gain a deeper appreciation for the cultural, historical, and culinary significance of taro, enhancing our connection to this exceptional plant.

In Conclusion

Taro, particularly the ‘Mojito’ variety, is a plant of great significance and versatility, offering both culinary delights and ornamental beauty. Its cultivation, care, and uses extend across diverse cultures and regions, making it a cherished and valuable botanical specimen. By understanding the unique requirements of taro plants and appreciating their cultural and traditional roles, we can foster a deeper appreciation for this exceptional species. Whether enjoyed for its culinary contributions, grown for its captivating foliage, or celebrated for its symbolic significance, taro remains an extraordinary and irreplaceable plant in the world of horticulture.

Incorporating the insights and guidance presented here, you can embark on a rewarding journey of cultivating and appreciating taro, Colocasia esculenta ‘Mojito’, enabling you to experience the myriad wonders of this tropical gem.

Picture of Peter Taylors

Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.