Lungwort (Pulmonaria ‘Raspberry Splash’)

Plant: Table of Contents

Lungwort (Pulmonaria ‘Raspberry Splash’)

In the enchanting world of gardening, Lungwort (Pulmonaria ‘Raspberry Splash’) stands out as a captivating perennial plant that adds a dash of color and elegance to shaded areas with its vibrant blooms and beautifully patterned foliage. This delightful plant is not only a treat for the eyes but also brings along cultural, medicinal, and ecological significance. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deep into the world of Lungwort, explore its characteristics, cultivation, and care, and unveil the many facets that make it a cherished addition to any garden.

What is Lungwort (Pulmonaria ‘Raspberry Splash’)?

Lungwort, scientifically known as Pulmonaria ‘Raspberry Splash’, is a perennial herbaceous plant that belongs to the Boraginaceae family. This striking plant is renowned for its profusion of elegant, funnel-shaped flowers, which emerge in shades of pink and blue, adding a splash of vibrant color to gardens, particularly in shaded areas. The foliage of Lungwort is equally captivating, featuring distinctive silvery spots that create an enthralling contrast against the lush green leaves, making it a year-round visual spectacle.

Key Takeaways – Lungwort (Pulmonaria ‘Raspberry Splash’)


  • Lungwort is a low-maintenance plant that thrives in shaded or partially shaded areas.
  • The plant is well-suited for woodland gardens, borders, and naturalized areas, adding a touch of charm and color to these settings.
  • Lungwort is prized for its tolerance to various soil conditions, making it adaptable to different garden environments.


  • Lungwort serves as an excellent ground cover, forming dense mats that suppress weed growth and add visual interest to the landscape.
  • In traditional medicine, Lungwort has been used to treat respiratory ailments, contributing to its historical significance as a medicinal plant.


  • Moderate watering is sufficient for Lungwort, and it is essential to ensure well-draining soil to prevent waterlogged conditions.


  • Lungwort flourishes in shaded or partially shaded locations, making it an ideal choice for gardens with limited sunlight.


  • While Lungwort generally does not require heavy feeding, a balanced, organic fertilizer in spring can promote healthy growth and abundant blooms.


  • Lungwort adapts well to various soil types, including loamy, sandy, or clay soils, as long as they are well-draining.


  • Regular deadheading and removal of faded foliage can encourage continuous blooming and maintain the plant’s aesthetic appeal.


  • The plant can be propagated through division or by collecting and sowing the seeds.

Container Popularity

  • Lungwort is well-suited for container gardening, adding an elegant touch to shaded patios, balconies, and other outdoor living spaces.

Common Diseases

  • Lungwort may be susceptible to powdery mildew and other fungal infections, especially in humid conditions.

Disease Diagnosis

  • Regular inspection of the leaves and stems can help in early detection of any signs of disease, enabling prompt intervention.

Common Pests

  • Slugs and snails are common pests that may target Lungwort, especially in moist environments. Vigilance is crucial in preventing infestations.

Botanist’s Tips

  • Lungwort is a versatile plant that can be used as a focal point in shaded gardens or as a complementary element in mixed plantings.

Fun Facts

  • The genus name “Pulmonaria” is derived from the Latin word “pulmo,” which means lung, alluding to the lung-shaped spots on the leaves.

Lungwort Plant Characteristics

Lungwort, also known as Raspberry Splash Lungwort, exhibits a range of distinct characteristics that contribute to its allure and desirability in garden settings. The following features showcase the unique attributes of this perennial plant:

  1. Flowers: The exquisite blossoms of Lungwort are an enchanting combination of shades of pink, purple, and blue, creating a captivating display of color. These flowers are not only visually appealing but also attract pollinators, contributing to the ecological balance of the garden.

  2. Foliage: The foliage of Lungwort is equally captivating, with vibrant green leaves adorned with silvery spots that enhance the visual appeal of the plant. The foliage remains attractive throughout the growing season, adding a touch of elegance to the garden landscape.

  3. Perennial Nature: As a perennial plant, Lungwort graces the garden year after year, offering a reliable source of beauty and color in shaded areas.

  4. Shade Tolerance: Lungwort’s exceptional tolerance to shade makes it an attractive choice for gardens with limited sunlight, where it thrives and adds character to these environments.

  5. Ground Cover: Lungwort’s spreading habit and dense growth make it an excellent ground cover, effectively suppressing weeds and creating a lush carpet of greenery.

  6. Hardiness: Lungwort is known for its hardy nature, with many cultivars exhibiting resilience to various climatic conditions, making it a versatile choice for diverse gardening environments.

Lungwort Plant Care: A Comprehensive Guide


Lungwort, with its adaptability and low-maintenance nature, makes an excellent addition to gardens, contributing to the aesthetics and ecological balance of the landscape. To ensure the optimal growth and blooming of Lungwort, it is essential to consider the following cultural aspects:

  • Shade Preference: Plant Lungwort in shaded or partially shaded areas of the garden, providing it with the ideal conditions for flourishing. Avoid direct sunlight, as the plant thrives under the dappled light of trees or in the shade of structures.

  • Soil Conditions: Lungwort tolerates a wide range of soil types, including loamy, sandy, or clay soils, as long as they are well-draining. Improve soil quality by incorporating organic matter to enhance fertility and drainage.

  • Watering: Lungwort prefers moderate moisture levels and benefits from consistent watering, particularly during dry spells. Ensure that the soil does not become waterlogged, as excess moisture can lead to root rot.

  • Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the plant to conserve soil moisture, regulate temperature, and inhibit weed growth. Mulching also contributes to the overall health of the plant and promotes vigorous growth.

  • Companion Planting: Lungwort can be paired with other shade-loving plants to create visually appealing combinations and enhance the biodiversity of the garden. Compatible companions may include hostas, ferns, and woodland bulbs.


Lungwort offers a myriad of practical and ornamental uses that underscore its value in garden settings and beyond. Understanding these diverse applications can provide insights into harnessing the full potential of Lungwort:

  • Ornamental Value: The striking beauty of Lungwort makes it a prized addition to shaded gardens, woodland settings, and naturalized areas, where it introduces an array of colors and textures, enriching the visual tapestry of the landscape.

  • Ground Cover: Lungwort’s spreading nature and dense growth habit make it an excellent ground cover, effectively blanketing the soil, discouraging weed growth, and contributing to the overall aesthetic appeal of the garden.

  • Medicinal Significance: Lungwort has historical significance as a medicinal plant due to its traditional use in treating respiratory ailments. While its modern medicinal applications are limited, its historical role adds cultural and historical interest to the plant.

  • Pollinator Attraction: The vibrant blooms of Lungwort serve as a nectar source for pollinators, including bees and butterflies, contributing to the ecological balance of the garden and supporting biodiversity.


Proper watering is essential for the health and vitality of Lungwort, ensuring that the plant receives sufficient moisture without succumbing to waterlogged conditions. Understanding the water requirements of Lungwort is crucial for maintaining optimal growth and blooming:

  • Moisture Levels: Lungwort thrives in moderately moist soil, and it is important to establish a consistent watering regimen, particularly during dry periods. Avoid prolonged periods of drought, as this can impact the plant’s health and flowering capacity.

  • Drainage: Ensure that the soil has adequate drainage to prevent water accumulation around the roots, as stagnant water can lead to root rot and other moisture-related issues.

  • Watering Frequency: While Lungwort appreciates regular watering, it is important to strike a balance and avoid overwatering, which can hinder root health. Adjust the watering frequency based on the moisture retention of the soil and environmental conditions.


Lungwort’s preference for shaded or partially shaded environments sets it apart as an ideal choice for gardens with limited sunlight. Understanding its sunlight requirements can guide the selection of optimal planting locations and contribute to the plant’s overall well-being:

  • Shade Tolerance: Lungwort is well-adapted to shaded settings, thriving under the dappled light of trees or in the shadows of buildings and structures. It is essential to prioritize shaded areas when selecting planting locations for Lungwort.

  • Filtered Sunlight: While Lungwort prefers shade, it can tolerate some filtered sunlight, particularly during the morning or late afternoon. However, prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can lead to leaf scorch and diminished flowering.

  • Planting Considerations: When incorporating Lungwort into the landscape, identify shaded spots that receive limited sunlight throughout the day, such as under the canopy of trees or in the shelter of architectural features.


While Lungwort is generally an undemanding plant when it comes to fertilization, providing occasional nourishment can support its growth and enhance its blooming potential. Understanding the principles of fertilizing Lungwort can contribute to the plant’s overall vigor and resilience:

  • Organic Fertilizers: Utilize balanced organic fertilizers in spring to provide supplemental nutrients to Lungwort without overstimulating excessive growth. Organic fertilizers contribute to soil health and microbial activity, promoting the well-being of the plant.

  • Application Guidelines: Apply the fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s recommendations, ensuring even distribution around the base of the plant. Avoid excessive fertilization, as this can lead to lush foliage at the expense of abundant flowering.

  • Soil Enrichment: Enhance the fertility and structure of the soil by incorporating organic matter, such as compost, into the planting site. This organic amendment provides a sustainable source of nutrients and supports the overall health of Lungwort.


Lungwort’s adaptability to various soil types makes it a versatile choice for diverse garden environments, provided that the soil is well-draining and conducive to healthy root development. Understanding the soil preferences and requirements of Lungwort is instrumental in creating optimal growing conditions for the plant:

  • Soil Types: Lungwort tolerates a range of soil types, including loamy, sandy, or clay soils, as long as they offer good drainage and aeration. Improving soil structure can be achieved by incorporating organic matter and amending heavy or compacted soils.

  • pH Levels: Lungwort thrives in slightly acidic to neutral soil conditions, with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.0 being ideal for its growth and development. Conduct soil tests to assess the pH levels and make the necessary adjustments using amendments if needed.

  • Drainage: Ensure that the planting site and surrounding soil have adequate drainage, preventing water accumulation and the formation of waterlogged conditions that can compromise the health of Lungwort.


Pruning is an essential aspect of Lungwort care, enabling the removal of spent flowers and faded foliage to maintain the plant’s appearance and encourage continuous blooming. Proper pruning practices contribute to the overall health and aesthetics of Lungwort:

  • Deadheading: Regularly remove faded flowers by carefully snipping the flower stems near the base. Deadheading promotes the production of new blooms and prevents the allocation of resources to seed formation.

  • Foliage Cleanup: Trim and remove tattered or discolored foliage to improve the overall appearance of the plant and enhance air circulation around the stems. This practice also minimizes the risk of disease development.

  • Timing: Perform pruning and deadheading as needed, particularly during and after the flowering period. Conduct periodic inspections of the plant to identify areas in need of attention.


Lungwort can be propagated through division and seed collection, offering gardeners multiple avenues for expanding their plant collection and sharing the beauty of this captivating perennial:

  • Division: Divide mature clumps of Lungwort every few years to create new plants and rejuvenate established ones. Carefully separate the rhizomes and replant them in prepared soil to facilitate healthy establishment.

  • Seed Collection: Collect seeds from mature Lungwort plants after the flowering period. Sow the seeds in a prepared seed-starting mix and provide the necessary conditions, including consistent moisture and moderate light, for successful germination.

  • Growing Media: Utilize a well-draining, sterile growing medium for seed starting to support the healthy development of Lungwort seedlings. Maintain optimal moisture levels and provide warmth to facilitate germination.

Container Popularity

Lungwort’s adaptability to container gardening presents an exciting opportunity to incorporate this striking plant into various outdoor settings, enhancing the aesthetic appeal of patios, balconies, and other outdoor living spaces. Understanding the nuances of growing Lungwort in containers can unlock the potential for creating captivating displays:

  • Container Selection: Choose spacious containers with adequate drainage holes to accommodate the growth habit of Lungwort and promote proper aeration.

  • Growing Medium: Select a well-draining, nutrient-rich growing medium for planting Lungwort in containers, ensuring that it provides a stable foundation for root development and plant health.

  • Watering Management: Monitor the moisture levels in the container and adjust the watering frequency based on environmental conditions. Container-grown Lungwort may require more frequent watering than plants in the ground.

  • Placement Considerations: Position the containers in shaded or partially shaded areas that align with Lungwort’s sunlight preferences, ensuring that the plant receives the ideal growing conditions.

Common Diseases

Lungwort, like many plants, may be susceptible to certain diseases, particularly those related to damp and humid conditions. Familiarizing oneself with common diseases and their preventive measures can contribute to the long-term health of Lungwort:

  • Powdery Mildew: This fungal disease can affect Lungwort, manifesting as powdery white spots on the leaves. Ensure proper air circulation and avoid overhead watering to minimize the risk of powdery mildew.

  • Cultural Practices: Implementing good cultural practices, such as maintaining appropriate spacing between plants, promoting air circulation, and avoiding prolonged leaf wetness, can mitigate the risk of disease development.

  • Early Intervention: Monitor the plant closely for any signs of disease and intervene promptly with preventive measures or targeted treatments to address the issue before it spreads.

Disease Diagnosis

Early diagnosis of diseases affecting Lungwort is crucial for implementing timely interventions and preventing the escalation of potential issues. Observing the plant closely and identifying disease symptoms can aid in accurate diagnosis and effective courses of action:

  • Leaf Inspection: Regularly inspect the foliage for any signs of discoloration, wilting, or abnormal growth patterns that may indicate underlying disease issues.

  • Texture and Appearance: Note any changes in the texture and appearance of the leaves, such as the presence of powdery coatings, spots, or lesions, which may suggest the onset of fungal or bacterial infections.

  • Stem and Root Assessment: Examine the stems and roots for any signs of rot, discoloration, or lesions that may indicate the presence of disease-causing pathogens affecting the vascular system of the plant.

Common Pests

Lungwort may encounter pest challenges, particularly in moist and shaded environments where conditions are favorable for certain nuisance insects. Vigilance, monitoring, and proactive measures are essential for minimizing pest infestations and safeguarding the health of Lungwort:

  • Slugs and Snails: These mollusks are common pests that may target Lungwort, particularly in moist and shaded settings. Employ physical barriers, such as copper tape, or use pet-safe slug and snail baits to deter these pests.

  • Vigilant Monitoring: Regularly inspect the foliage and stems for signs of pest activity, including chewing damage, slime trails, or the presence of pests themselves. Early detection is key to preventing extensive damage.

  • Natural Predators: Encourage the presence of natural predators, such as ground beetles and predatory nematodes, that can help control slug and snail populations in the garden.

Botanist’s Tips

Lungwort encompasses a wealth of captivating qualities and versatile applications, contributing to its desirability as a cherished garden plant. The following tips and insights from botanists and gardening experts can provide valuable guidance for incorporating Lungwort into various garden settings:

  • Shade Gardening: Utilize Lungwort as a focal point or as part of a diverse shade garden, combining it with other shade-loving plants to create visually appealing and biodiverse landscapes.

  • Cultural Compatibility: Pair Lungwort with companion plants that share similar cultural requirements, fostering harmonious growth and coexistence within the garden environment.

  • Eco-friendly Practices: Embrace sustainable gardening practices, such as mulching, organic fertilization, and natural pest control, to support the long-term health and vitality of Lungwort and the overall garden ecosystem.

  • Educational Opportunities: Explore the historical, cultural, and ecological significance of Lungwort, incorporating its diverse uses and characteristics into educational programs, botanical gardens, and community initiatives.

Fun Facts

Lungwort, with its rich history, botanical allure, and valuable contributions to gardens and ecosystems, presents a tapestry of intriguing and enchanting facts that add depth and fascination to its story:

  • Genus Name: The genus name “Pulmonaria” is derived from the Latin word “pulmo,” which means lung, alluding to the lung-shaped spots on the leaves. This etymology reflects historical beliefs regarding the use of Lungwort in respiratory ailments.

  • Historical Significance: Lungwort has a historical association with treating lung disorders, with folklore attributing its spotted leaves to its supposed efficacy in lung health. This connection highlights the plant’s cultural and medicinal significance.

  • Ecological Role: The vibrant blooms of Lungwort attract pollinators, including bees and butterflies, contributing to the biodiversity of the garden and supporting essential ecological interactions.

  • Visual Appeal: The striking contrast between the silvery spots and vibrant green leaves of Lungwort creates a visually captivating display, adding intricacy and allure to shaded garden settings.

  • Landscape Versatility: Lungwort is not only a garden plant but also a valuable addition to naturalized areas, woodland gardens, and shaded landscapes, where it enhances the aesthetic appeal and ecological integrity of the surroundings.

Links to External Resources

For further information on Lungwort (Pulmonaria ‘Raspberry Splash’) and related topics, consider exploring the following external resources:

  1. Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) – Lungwort
  2. University of Maryland Extension – Perennials for Shade
  3. The American Phytopathological Society – Common Diseases of Pulmonaria
  4. National Garden Bureau – Year of the Perennial
  5. North Carolina State University Extension – [Slug Control in the Garden](
Picture of Peter Taylors

Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.