Pulmonaria (Pulmonaria Longifolia Subsp. Cevennensis)

Plant: Table of Contents

Pulmonaria (Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis): A Complete Guide for Plant Lovers

In the realm of gardening and horticulture, the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis, or simply the Pulmonaria plant, is a stunning and versatile species that has gained popularity among plant enthusiasts. Native to Europe, this plant belongs to the family Boraginaceae and is known for its distinctive lung-shaped leaves and striking pastel-colored flowers. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the various aspects of this plant, including its care, uses, propagation, common diseases, and much more.

What is Pulmonaria Longifolia Subsp. Cevennensis?

The Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis, often referred to as the Cevennes lungwort, is a herbaceous perennial plant renowned for its elegant appearance and ornamental value. This plant is characterized by its elongated leaves and vibrant, tubular flowers that bloom in shades of pink, blue, and purple. The name “Pulmonaria” is derived from the Latin word “pulmo,” which means lung, and this nomenclature is attributed to the leaves’ resemblance to the human lung.

Key Takeaways – Pulmonaria (Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis)

To gain a comprehensive understanding of the Pulmonaria plant, it is essential to explore its various facets, including its cultural requirements, uses, growth habits, and potential issues. We will cover the following key takeaways in this article:

  1. Culture
  2. Uses
  3. Water
  4. Sunlight
  5. Fertilizer
  6. Soil
  7. Pruning
  8. Propagation
  9. Container Popularity
  10. Common Diseases
  11. Disease Diagnosis
  12. Common Pests
  13. Botanist’s Tips
  14. Fun Facts
  15. Links to External Resources

Now, let’s delve into each of these aspects in detail to equip you with the knowledge and expertise required to cultivate and appreciate the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis.


Understanding the cultural requirements of the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis is fundamental for successfully nurturing this plant within your garden or indoor space. This section will delve into the optimal cultural conditions, including water, sunlight, fertilizer, soil, and pruning practices suitable for the Pulmonaria plant.


The Pulmonaria plant thrives in consistently moist soil, making adequate watering a crucial aspect of its care regimen. During the growing season, it is advisable to provide regular watering to the plant, ensuring that the soil remains consistently moist but not waterlogged. Additionally, when planting Pulmonaria, it is important to select a well-draining soil to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot and other issues.


When it comes to sunlight requirements, the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis is known for its preference for partial shade to full shade conditions. As such, it is well-suited for woodland gardens, shaded borders, and areas with dappled light. Excessive exposure to direct sunlight, especially during the peak hours of the day, can lead to leaf scorching and reduced vigor in the plant. Therefore, identifying shaded spots within your garden or landscape is ideal for cultivating the Pulmonaria plant.


In terms of fertilization, the Pulmonaria plant does not demand excessive feeding. A balanced, all-purpose fertilizer applied in early spring can provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth and flowering. It is advisable to err on the side of caution with fertilization, as excessive feeding can lead to lush foliage at the expense of flowering and may alter the plant’s natural growth habits.


The Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis thrives in humus-rich, moist, and well-draining soil. Loamy or sandy loam soils with ample organic matter are highly suitable for this plant. Additionally, maintaining a slightly acidic to neutral pH level in the soil is beneficial for optimizing the Pulmonaria’s growth and overall health.


Pruning plays a significant role in the maintenance and grooming of the Pulmonaria plant. Once the flowering period concludes, deadheading the spent blooms can encourage prolonged flowering and maintain the plant’s aesthetic appeal. Additionally, the removal of any withered or damaged foliage can promote air circulation and reduce the risk of disease incidence. However, minimal pruning is generally required for the Pulmonaria, as it exhibits a tidy growth habit and does not necessitate extensive grooming.


The Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis offers multifaceted uses, ranging from its ornamental value in gardens and landscapes to its potential medicinal properties. As we explore the diverse applications of this plant, we will gain insights into its role as an attractive flowering specimen and the historical and contemporary uses associated with Pulmonaria.

Ornamental Value

One of the primary uses of the Pulmonaria plant is its ornamental value in gardens, parks, and naturalistic landscapes. With its striking foliage and delicate, tubular flowers, the Pulmonaria serves as an eye-catching addition to shady borders, woodland gardens, and perennial beds. Its ability to thrive in shaded conditions makes it an invaluable asset for gardeners seeking to enhance the visual appeal of areas with limited direct sunlight.

Medicinal and Folklore Uses

Historically, the Pulmonaria plant has been associated with medicinal uses, particularly in traditional herbal medicine. The leaves of the Pulmonaria were believed to bear a resemblance to diseased lungs, leading to the plant’s utilization in treatments related to respiratory ailments. While modern scientific evidence supporting such medicinal claims is limited, the Pulmonaria’s historical significance in herbal folklore adds an intriguing dimension to its overall appeal.

Pollinator Support

In addition to its visual allure, the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis serves as a valuable resource for pollinators, including bees and butterflies. The nectar-rich flowers provide a source of sustenance for these beneficial insects, contributing to the ecological balance within a garden or natural habitat. By fostering pollinator activity, the Pulmonaria plant aids in supporting biodiversity and promoting a thriving ecosystem within its surroundings.


Understanding the methods of propagating the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis is essential for expanding its presence within a garden or sharing its beauty with fellow enthusiasts. This section will explore the propagation techniques suitable for the Pulmonaria plant, including division, seed sowing, and considerations for successful establishment.


Division stands as one of the most common and effective methods of propagating the Pulmonaria plant. This process entails dividing and transplanting existing clumps of the plant during the early spring or early fall when the plant is not in active growth. By carefully separating the rhizomes or root mass, new plant divisions can be established, each capable of developing into a mature specimen over time.

Seed Sowing

While less commonly utilized than division, seed sowing presents an alternative approach to propagating the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis. Collecting mature seeds from the plant’s flowers and sowing them in a suitable seed starting medium can yield new Pulmonaria seedlings. However, it is important to note that Pulmonaria seeds may exhibit varying germination rates and could benefit from stratification—a cold treatment to promote germination.

Considerations for Successful Establishment

Regardless of the chosen propagation method, providing optimal growing conditions for the newly propagated Pulmonaria plants is essential for their successful establishment. Ample moisture, shade, and protection from extreme environmental conditions can enhance the survival and growth rates of propagated Pulmonaria specimens, increasing their likelihood of becoming flourishing additions to the garden or landscape.

Container Popularity

The adaptability of the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis makes it an attractive candidate for container cultivation. Whether on balconies, patios, or within indoor environments, the Pulmonaria plant’s ability to thrive in shaded conditions and its ornamental appeal render it well-suited for container gardening. Additionally, the Pulmonaria’s modest size and neat growth habit further contribute to its popularity as a container plant.

Container Selection and Considerations

When opting to cultivate the Pulmonaria plant in containers, selecting a suitable pot or planter is critical to the well-being of the plant. Considerations such as adequate drainage, sufficient depth, and the preference for porous materials should guide the selection of containers for Pulmonaria cultivation. Additionally, incorporating a well-balanced potting mix with adequate organic matter and moisture-retentive properties is essential to support the Pulmonaria’s growth and development in a container environment.

Positioning and Care

Strategic placement of Pulmonaria containers in shaded or partially shaded locations is imperative to mirror the plant’s natural habitat and ensure its optimal growth. Regular watering, especially during the warmer months, and a cautious approach to fertilization can sustain the Pulmonaria’s vitality within a container setting, allowing for the appreciation of its exquisite foliage and blooms in more confined spaces.

Common Diseases

As plant enthusiasts, understanding the potential diseases that may affect the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis is pivotal in implementing measures to safeguard its health and vigor. While the Pulmonaria is generally resilient, certain diseases can pose risks, necessitating vigilance and proactive management.

Powdery Mildew

One of the prominent diseases that may afflict the Pulmonaria plant is powdery mildew, a fungal condition characterized by the development of powdery white patches on the leaves and stems. This condition often arises in humid or poorly ventilated environments, and while it may not pose severe threats to the plant’s overall health, addressing it promptly can prevent widespread infestations and aesthetic degradation.

Leaf Spot

Leaf spot, caused by various fungal pathogens, can manifest as circular lesions or spots on the foliage of the Pulmonaria. While it typically does not lead to significant harm to the plant, maintaining good air circulation, practicing proper sanitation, and avoiding overhead watering can mitigate the risk of leaf spot occurrences.

Root Rot

Excessive soil moisture due to overwatering or poor drainage can predispose the Pulmonaria plant to root rot, a condition caused by fungal pathogens. To prevent root rot, ensuring proper soil drainage and moderating water uptake is essential. Additionally, selecting well-draining soil and containers, especially in a container gardening context, can minimize the risk of root rot in the Pulmonaria.

Disease Diagnosis

Accurately diagnosing potential diseases affecting the Pulmonaria plant is crucial for implementing targeted treatment and management strategies. This section will highlight the key symptoms and characteristics associated with common diseases that may impact the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis, aiding in effective disease diagnosis.

Powdery Mildew Diagnosis

Identifying powdery mildew on the Pulmonaria plant involves recognizing the development of powdery white patches on the foliage, often beginning with the undersides of the leaves. As the condition progresses, the mildew can spread across the plant, potentially leading to reduced photosynthetic function and compromised vigor. Prompt identification and intervention can prevent extensive damage and preserve the plant’s overall health.

Leaf Spot Diagnosis

Leaf spot on the Pulmonaria appears as small, circular lesions on the leaves, often surrounded by a distinct margin. These spots can vary in color, ranging from light brown to dark, and may affect the aesthetic appeal of the plant. Monitoring the foliage for the presence of leaf spot and promptly addressing conducive environmental conditions can mitigate its impact on the Pulmonaria’s vitality.

Root Rot Diagnosis

Identifying root rot in the Pulmonaria involves assessing the plant for symptoms such as wilting, yellowing foliage, and a general decline in vigor. Additionally, inspecting the roots for signs of decay, discoloration, or a foul odor can aid in confirming the presence of root rot. Early detection and implementation of corrective measures, such as adjusting watering practices and enhancing soil drainage, are essential for managing root rot effectively.

Common Pests

While the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis is relatively resistant to pest infestations, certain pests may occasionally pose challenges to the plant’s well-being. By recognizing these potential pests and understanding their impact, plant enthusiasts can proactively safeguard the Pulmonaria from pest-related issues.

Slugs and Snails

Slugs and snails are among the primary pests that can target the Pulmonaria plant, particularly in moist and shaded environments. These pests may feed on the plant’s foliage, leaving behind irregular holes and damage. Implementing physical barriers, natural predators, or organic control methods can help manage slug and snail populations and mitigate their impact on the Pulmonaria.


Aphids, small sap-sucking insects, may occasionally infest the Pulmonaria, congregating on the undersides of the leaves and stems. Their feeding can lead to distorted growth, yellowing foliage, and the secretion of honeydew, fostering the development of sooty mold. Regular monitoring and the introduction of beneficial insects or gentle mitigation measures, such as spraying with water, can assist in managing aphid populations on the Pulmonaria.

Botanist’s Tips

Encompassing the insights and expertise of botanists and experienced gardeners, this section presents valuable tips and recommendations for cultivating and caring for the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis. Drawing upon accumulated knowledge and practical wisdom, the following botanist’s tips serve as guidance for enhancing the growth and vitality of the Pulmonaria plant.

  1. Selecting Optimal Growing Sites: When choosing a location for the Pulmonaria, prioritize shaded or partially shaded areas with well-draining soil and protection from intense sunlight.

  2. Adequate Watering: Maintain consistent soil moisture, especially during the growing season, to support the Pulmonaria’s growth and flowering.

  3. Companion Planting: Consider incorporating shade-loving companion plants, such as ferns and hostas, to complement the Pulmonaria and create visually appealing combinations within the garden.

  4. Seasonal Mulching: Application of organic mulch, such as shredded leaves or compost, can regulate soil moisture and suppress weed growth around the Pulmonaria, contributing to its overall health.

  5. Observation and Maintenance: Regular monitoring of the Pulmonaria for signs of diseases, pests, or cultural imbalances enables prompt intervention and proactive maintenance.

Fun Facts

Embark on an exploration of fascinating and noteworthy facts about the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis, adding depth and intrigue to your appreciation of this captivating plant species.

  • Color-Transforming Flowers: The flowers of the Pulmonaria often undergo a spellbinding transformation in color, beginning as pink buds and gradually transitioning to shades of violet or blue as they mature, resulting in a captivating display of multicolored blooms.

  • Historical Significance: Throughout history, the Pulmonaria plant has been associated with folkloric beliefs and medicinal uses, rooted in its lung-shaped leaves and folklore-inspired applications in herbal remedies.

  • Utilization in Traditional Settings: The Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis, with its visually striking attributes and potential ecological contributions, has been historically integrated into traditional gardens, woodland settings, and herbaceous borders, adding a touch of enchantment to diverse landscapes.

Links to External Resources

For in-depth and supplemental information on the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis, explore the following external resources:

  1. The Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) – Pulmonaria
  2. Missouri Botanical Garden – Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis
  3. American Conifer Society – Cevennes Lungwort

As we conclude this extensive guide to the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis, we hope that you have gained a comprehensive understanding of this captivating plant and are inspired to cultivate, appreciate, and enjoy its beauty in the garden and beyond. Whether you are drawn to its ornamental allure, ecological contributions, or historical significance, the Pulmonaria plant offers a captivating journey into the world of botanical marvels.

With its distinctive foliage, enchanting blooms, and adaptability to shaded environments, the Pulmonaria embodies the timeless allure of perennial plants, enriching landscapes and captivating the imagination of plant enthusiasts worldwide. As you embark on your horticultural endeavors, may the Pulmonaria longifolia subsp. cevennensis serve as a source of inspiration and delight, contributing to the vibrant tapestry of flora within your botanical realm.

Picture of Peter Taylors

Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.