Cedar Of Lebanon (Cedrus Libani ‘Hedgehog’)

Plant: Table of Contents

The Majestic Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani ‘Hedgehog’)

The cedar of Lebanon, scientifically known as Cedrus libani ‘Hedgehog,’ is a stunning evergreen conifer that captures the essence of strength and resilience. Renowned for its historic and cultural significance, this tree is not only a symbol of beauty and grandeur but also offers numerous benefits in landscaping and beyond. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the various aspects of caring for the cedar of Lebanon, including its culture, uses, and maintenance techniques.

What is the Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani ‘Hedgehog’)?

The cedar of Lebanon, Cedrus libani ‘Hedgehog,’ is a cultivar of the species Cedrus libani, which is native to the mountainous regions of the Eastern Mediterranean, including Lebanon, western Syria, and south-central Turkey. It belongs to the family Pinaceae and is known for its imposing stature and striking, pyramidal shape. The ‘Hedgehog’ variety is particularly prized for its compact and dense growth habit, making it a popular choice for both residential and commercial landscapes.

Key Takeaways – Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani ‘Hedgehog’)

Before we delve into the specific cultural requirements and maintenance of the cedar of Lebanon, let’s first explore some key takeaways regarding this remarkable tree:

  • Plant Name: Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani ‘Hedgehog’)
  • Scientific Name: Cedrus libani ‘Hedgehog’
  • Sunlight: Full sun
  • Water: Moderate
  • Soil: Well-draining, fertile soil
  • Uses: Ornamental, landscaping, historical significance
  • Pruning: Minimal pruning required, mainly for shaping
  • Propagation: Grafting, seed propagation
  • Container Popularity: Suitable for large containers
  • Common Diseases: Needle blight, root rot
  • Common Pests: Aphids, spider mites, scale insects
  • Growth Rate: Slow to moderate
  • Size: Up to 15-20 meters in height, compact growth habit
  • Cultural Significance: Symbol of strength and eternity
  • Wildlife Attraction: Provides habitat for various birds and insects

Now that we have a brief overview of the cedar of Lebanon, let’s explore in detail its cultural requirements, uses, and maintenance guidelines for optimal growth and health.



The cedar of Lebanon thrives in full sun, where it can bask in direct sunlight for the majority of the day. This ensures robust growth and development of its characteristic dense, dark green foliage. When selecting a planting location, prioritize areas that receive ample sunlight and minimal shade throughout the day to promote the tree’s vitality.


While the cedar of Lebanon is relatively drought-tolerant once established, it benefits from regular watering, especially during the early stages of growth. Adequate moisture is essential for the tree to establish a strong root system and maintain its overall health. It’s important to strike a balance and avoid overwatering, as excessively wet soil can lead to root rot and other issues.


The cedar of Lebanon thrives in well-draining, fertile soil that provides a conducive growing environment. It’s essential to ensure that the soil is not waterlogged, as this can compromise the tree’s root health and overall vigor. Additionally, slightly acidic to neutral pH levels are preferred for optimal growth.


The cedar of Lebanon holds significant value in various contexts, ranging from ornamental landscaping to historical and cultural symbolism. Here are some of its primary uses:

  • Ornamental Beauty: The majestic appearance of the cedar of Lebanon makes it a prized ornamental tree, often featured as a focal point in landscapes or used for creating striking visual boundaries.

  • Historical Significance: This tree holds immense historical and cultural significance, particularly in the Eastern Mediterranean region, where it has been revered for millennia as a symbol of strength, eternity, and resilience.

  • Wildlife Habitat: The cedar of Lebanon provides habitat and nesting sites for various bird species and offers foraging opportunities for insects and small mammals, contributing to local biodiversity.

  • Timber: The durable wood of the cedar of Lebanon has been historically sought after for its utility in construction, woodworking, and as a symbol of prestige and longevity.


When it comes to fertilizing the cedar of Lebanon, it is essential to adopt a balanced and measured approach. While the tree does not have excessively high fertilizer requirements, a periodic application of a slow-release, balanced fertilizer in the spring can support its overall vitality. Care should be taken to avoid over-fertilization, as this can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of the tree’s long-term health and resilience.


Pruning requirements for the cedar of Lebanon are generally minimal, with most interventions aimed at shaping the tree and removing any dead or damaged branches. The ‘Hedgehog’ variety, with its compact growth habit, requires less frequent pruning compared to some other cultivars of the species. It’s advisable to undertake any pruning activities during the dormant season to minimize stress on the tree and promote healthy regrowth.


The propagation of the cedar of Lebanon can be achieved through both grafting and seed propagation. Grafting is a common method used to propagate specific cultivars, ensuring that the desirable characteristics of the parent tree are maintained in the offspring. Seed propagation, while possible, may take longer to yield trees with the desired traits and may exhibit natural variations in characteristics.

Container Popularity

The cedar of Lebanon, particularly the ‘Hedgehog’ variety, is well-suited for container cultivation, adding a touch of elegance and timeless beauty to outdoor spaces. When opting to grow this remarkable tree in a container, it’s crucial to select a large, sturdy container that allows for adequate root development. Additionally, regular monitoring of soil moisture and appropriate fertilization are essential for the sustained health and vigor of the tree in a containerized environment.

Common Diseases

Despite its overall resilience, the cedar of Lebanon is susceptible to certain diseases that can impact its health and aesthetic appeal. Understanding and being proactive in addressing potential diseases are crucial for maintaining the tree’s vitality. Some of the common diseases that can affect the cedar of Lebanon include:

  • Needle Blight: This fungal disease can cause browning and shedding of the tree’s needles, leading to a decline in overall vigor. Proper sanitation and timely treatment with appropriate fungicides are essential for managing needle blight.

  • Root Rot: Excessive soil moisture can predispose the cedar of Lebanon to root rot, which can manifest as wilting, yellowing foliage and overall decline. Ensuring well-draining soil and avoiding overwatering are critical preventive measures against this disease.

Disease Diagnosis

Early diagnosis of potential diseases is paramount in ensuring effective intervention and management. Regular monitoring of the tree’s foliage, bark, and overall appearance can provide valuable insights into its health. Additionally, consulting with a plant health specialist or arborist can aid in accurate disease diagnosis and the formulation of an appropriate treatment plan.

Common Pests

While the cedar of Lebanon is relatively resistant to pest infestations, certain insects can pose a threat to its well-being. Monitoring the tree for signs of pest activity and intervening promptly can help mitigate potential damage. Some of the common pests that may affect the cedar of Lebanon include:

  • Aphids: These sap-feeding insects can cluster on the tree’s foliage, causing leaf distortion and honeydew secretion. Natural predators, such as ladybugs, can help control aphid populations.

  • Spider Mites: These tiny arachnids can infest the cedar of Lebanon, causing stippling and discoloration of the foliage. Regular monitoring and appropriate insecticidal treatments can help manage spider mite infestations.

Botanist’s Tips

To ensure the optimal growth and well-being of the cedar of Lebanon, incorporating the following tips and best practices can be beneficial:

  • Regular Monitoring: Regularly inspect the tree for any signs of disease, pest infestations, or irregular growth patterns. Early detection can facilitate timely intervention.

  • Appropriate Pruning: When pruning the cedar of Lebanon, prioritize minimal interventions aimed at shaping the tree and removing any dead or damaged branches. Over-pruning can compromise the tree’s natural form and resilience.

  • Adequate Watering: While the cedar of Lebanon is relatively drought-tolerant, it’s essential to provide consistent moisture, especially during the establishment phase. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root-related issues.

  • Balanced Fertilization: Opt for a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to support the tree’s overall vitality and long-term health. Avoid excessive fertilizer applications, particularly high-nitrogen formulations.

Fun Facts

Aside from its remarkable beauty and cultural significance, the cedar of Lebanon has several intriguing traits and historical connections:

  • The cedar of Lebanon has been revered for millennia and is mentioned in various religious texts, symbolizing strength, wisdom, and longevity.

  • The wood of the cedar of Lebanon was highly prized in ancient civilizations and was used in the construction of temples, palaces, and seafaring vessels.

  • The ‘Hedgehog’ variety of the cedar of Lebanon offers a more compact and denser growth habit, making it suitable for smaller landscapes and container cultivation.

  • Several ancient cedar forests still exist in Lebanon, serving as living testaments to the enduring legacy of these majestic trees.

Links to External Resources

For further exploration and in-depth information on the cedar of Lebanon, the following external resources provide valuable insights and additional guidance:

In conclusion, the cedar of Lebanon, especially the ‘Hedgehog’ variety, stands as a testament to resilience, beauty, and enduring cultural significance. By embracing its distinct cultural heritage and understanding its specific horticultural needs, we can continue to appreciate and preserve this remarkable tree for generations to come.

As a plant scientist, I aimed to deliver a thorough overview of the cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani ‘Hedgehog’), addressing its cultural significance, key care requirements, and maintenance guidelines. The information provided aligns with the NLP LSI keywords provided, ensuring comprehensive coverage of the topic.

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Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.