Azara (Azara Microphylla)

Plant: Table of Contents

Azara (Azara microphylla) – The Complete Guide to Plant Care


Azara (Azara microphylla) is a stunning evergreen shrub or small tree that is native to South America. It is known for its attractive foliage, fragrant yellow flowers, and versatility in landscaping. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the key aspects of azara plant care, including its cultural requirements, uses, propagation techniques, common diseases, and much more. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or a beginner looking to incorporate azara into your landscape, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to ensure the successful cultivation of this remarkable plant.

What is Azara (Azara microphylla)?

Azara microphylla, commonly known as azara, is a species of flowering plant in the Salicaceae family. It is native to Chile and Argentina and is cultivated for its ornamental value. Azara is prized for its dense, glossy foliage and clusters of small, fragrant, yellow flowers that bloom in late winter to early spring. The plant’s compact growth habit and attractive appearance make it a popular choice for hedges, borders, and specimen plantings in both residential and commercial landscapes.

Key Takeaways – Azara (Azara microphylla)

Before delving into the specifics of azara plant care, let’s overview the key takeaways about this fascinating plant:

  • Scientific Name: Azara microphylla
  • Family: Salicaceae
  • Common Name: Azara
  • Type: Evergreen shrub or small tree
  • Native Region: South America
  • Foliage: Glossy, dark green leaves
  • Flowers: Small, fragrant, bright yellow flowers
  • Uses: Ornamental landscaping, hedges, specimen plantings
  • Propagation: Seeds, cuttings
  • Hardiness Zones: 7-10
  • Mature Height: 10-15 feet

Now, let’s delve into the specific cultural requirements for successfully growing azara.



Azara plants prefer consistently moist, well-drained soil. During the establishment phase, it is crucial to provide regular watering to help the plant develop a strong root system. Once established, azara has moderate drought tolerance, but it should not be allowed to completely dry out. Regular watering, particularly during dry periods, will ensure the plant’s health and vigor.


In terms of sunlight requirements, azara thrives in partial to full sun. It is essential to provide the plant with the right balance of sunlight to promote healthy growth and flowering. In hotter climates, providing some afternoon shade can help prevent leaf scorch and maintain the plant’s overall vigor.


When it comes to feeding azara, applying a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in early spring is beneficial. This will provide the plant with the necessary nutrients to support healthy growth and flowering throughout the growing season. Additionally, incorporating organic matter into the soil at planting time can enhance the fertility and structure of the soil, promoting optimal growth.


Azara plants prefer moderately fertile, well-drained soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH. Amending the soil with organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, can improve the soil’s structure and fertility, creating an ideal growing environment for azara.


Pruning is an essential aspect of azara plant care, helping to maintain the plant’s shape, promote healthy growth, and encourage abundant flowering. Pruning should be carried out in late spring or early summer, after the plant has finished flowering. This timing allows for the removal of any dead or damaged wood and the shaping of the plant without sacrificing the following year’s flowers.


Azara can be propagated from both seeds and cuttings. While growing azara from seeds is possible, it can be a slow and unpredictable process. Propagating azara from semi-ripe cuttings in summer or hardwood cuttings in late autumn offers a more reliable and efficient method of increasing plant numbers.

Container Popularity

Azara microphylla’s compact size and attractive foliage make it well-suited for container planting. It can be grown as a focal point in a container or as part of a mixed container planting, adding texture and visual interest to the display. When grown in containers, azara can be moved to a sheltered location during extreme weather conditions to provide protection from frost or intense heat.

Common Diseases

Azara is generally a low-maintenance plant and is not highly susceptible to diseases. However, it is essential to monitor the plant for any signs of stress, disease, or pest infestations. Providing the plant with proper cultural care, including adequate water, sunlight, and soil conditions, will help promote overall plant health and reduce the risk of disease.

Disease Diagnosis

If your azara plant displays any unusual symptoms, such as wilting, yellowing leaves, or abnormal growth, it is crucial to examine the plant carefully to identify the cause of the issue. Common diseases that may affect azara include leaf spot and powdery mildew. Proper diagnosis of the issue will inform targeted treatment and management strategies to restore the plant to health.

Common Pests

Azara is generally resistant to many pests due to its sturdy foliage and overall robustness. However, like many plants, it can occasionally be affected by pests such as aphids, scale insects, or caterpillars. Regular inspection of the plant for signs of pest activity, such as distorted foliage or the presence of insects, will allow for early intervention to prevent infestations from becoming significant issues.

Botanist’s Tips

Here are some additional tips for successfully growing and caring for azara:

  • Mulching: Applying a layer of organic mulch around the base of the plant can help conserve soil moisture, suppress weed growth, and provide insulation to the roots.
  • Companion Plants: Consider planting azara alongside other evergreen shrubs, such as pieris, rhododendrons, or camellias, to create an attractive and diverse landscape display.
  • Winter Protection: In areas with harsh winters, providing azara with a layer of mulch and a windbreak can help protect the plant from cold temperatures and drying winds.

Fun Facts

  • Azara flowers are known for their pleasant fragrance, which can attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies to the garden.
  • The plant’s glossy, dark green foliage provides year-round visual interest in the landscape, making it an excellent choice for creating structure and texture in garden designs.

Links to External Resources

For further information on azara (Azara microphylla), the following resources can provide valuable insights into the plant’s care and cultivation:
Royal Horticultural Society – Azara microphylla
Missouri Botanical Garden – Azara microphylla
The American Horticultural Society – Azara microphylla

In conclusion, azara (Azara microphylla) is an outstanding plant that offers year-round beauty and fragrance. By meeting its cultural requirements and providing proper care, you can enjoy the stunning foliage, fragrant blooms, and overall charm of this versatile plant in your own landscape. Whether used as a focal point, hedge, or container planting, azara is sure to make a captivating addition to any garden.

With its unique characteristics, adaptability, and ornamental features, azara stands out as a valuable and attractive addition to both residential and public landscapes. Whether you are an experienced gardener or a novice enthusiast, growing azara can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. So, why not consider adding this enchanting plant to your garden and relish the beauty it brings throughout the seasons?

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Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.