Angel’s-tears ( Brugmansia Suaveolens)

Plant: Table of Contents

Plant Profile: Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens)

Brugmansia suaveolens, commonly known as Angel’s-tears or Angel’s-trumpet, is a stunning ornamental plant belonging to the Nightshade family. It is renowned for its fragrant, trumpet-shaped flowers and is widely cultivated for its aesthetic appeal. This article will explore the culture, uses, care requirements, and other interesting aspects of Angel’s-tears.

What is Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens)?

Angel’s-tears, or Brugmansia suaveolens, is a woody shrub or small tree native to South America. It is characterized by its large, pendulous flowers that hang from the branches, creating a spectacular display when in bloom. The flowers emit a sweet, captivating fragrance, especially in the evening, making them a popular choice for gardens, landscapes, and indoor spaces.

Key Takeaways – Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens)

Before delving deeper into the various aspects of Angel’s-tears, let’s take a look at some key takeaways about this enchanting plant:

  • Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens) is a member of the Nightshade family and is known for its ornamental value and fragrant flowers.
  • It is often cultivated for its aesthetic appeal and is favored for its use in tropical and exotic gardening.
  • While Angel’s-tears exhibits stunning blooms, it is crucial to be aware of its toxic properties, as all parts of the plant contain toxic alkaloids. Proper precautions should be taken when handling and growing Angel’s-tears, especially in households with pets and small children.

Now, let’s delve into the various aspects of Angel’s-tears, including its culture, uses, and care requirements.


Understanding the culture of Angel’s-tears is essential for creating an environment in which the plant can thrive. This includes factors such as water, sunlight, fertilizer, soil, and pruning requirements.


Proper watering is crucial for the health and vitality of Angel’s-tears. It is important to keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. During the growing season, regular watering is essential, especially during dry periods. However, it is equally important to ensure proper drainage to prevent waterlogging, which can lead to root rot.

In contrast, during the winter months or when the plant is in a dormant phase, watering should be reduced to prevent the roots from sitting in excessively wet soil. As a general guideline, it is recommended to water the plant when the top inch of the soil feels dry to the touch.


Angel’s-tears thrives in a bright, sunny environment. It requires ample sunlight to support healthy growth and abundant flowering. When cultivating Angel’s-tears, it is crucial to provide it with at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. Placing the plant in a location with full sun exposure is ideal, particularly in regions with mild temperatures.

However, in exceptionally hot climates, some afternoon shade or filtered sunlight can be beneficial to prevent the plant from experiencing stress due to excessive heat and sun exposure.


Proper fertilization is essential for promoting the growth and blooming of Angel’s-tears. A well-balanced, water-soluble fertilizer with a higher phosphorus content is recommended to support prolific flowering.

During the growing season, the plant should be fertilized every 2-3 weeks to provide it with the necessary nutrients for robust growth and abundant blooms. However, it is important to refrain from overfertilizing, as this can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of flowering.


Angel’s-tears thrives in well-draining, fertile soil. A rich, loamy soil with good drainage properties is ideal for supporting the growth and development of this ornamental plant. Additionally, slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH range of 6.0-7.0 is suitable for Angel’s-tears.

When planting or repotting the plant, it is advisable to incorporate organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure into the soil to enrich it and improve its structure and nutrient content. This can help create an optimal environment for the plant’s roots to thrive.


Regular pruning is essential to maintain the shape, size, and overall health of Angel’s-tears. Pruning is typically carried out in the early spring before the plant enters its active growth phase. It is important to remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches and foliage to promote air circulation and prevent the spread of diseases.

In addition to routine maintenance pruning, Angel’s-tears can also benefit from light pruning throughout the growing season to shape the plant and encourage bushier growth. This can be particularly beneficial for potted specimens and those grown in containers.


Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens) is valued for various uses, ranging from its ornamental appeal to its cultural and historical significance. Let’s explore some of the key uses and applications of this captivating plant:

Ornamental Value

One of the primary uses of Angel’s-tears is for ornamental purposes. The plant’s large, fragrant flowers and attractive foliage make it a prized addition to gardens, landscapes, and indoor spaces. The pendulous blooms create a visually stunning display, especially when the plant is in full bloom.

Due to its captivating appearance, Angel’s-tears is often used as a focal point in garden designs and is favored for tropical and exotic gardening. The plant’s ability to attract pollinators further enhances its ornamental value, contributing to the overall biodiversity of the garden or landscape.

Cultural Significance

Angel’s-tears holds cultural significance in various regions where it is cultivated. In some cultures, the plant is associated with folklore, traditional medicine, and ceremonial practices. The fragrant flowers of Angel’s-tears may have been historically used in rituals, celebrations, or as symbolic offerings.

In addition to its historical uses, Angel’s-tears continues to hold cultural significance in modern times, often symbolizing beauty, spirituality, and the ephemeral nature of life. Its presence in gardens and public spaces adds an element of enchantment and allure, captivating the senses of those who encounter it.

Therapeutic Properties

While Angel’s-tears is primarily grown for its ornamental appeal, some traditional practices and alternative medicine systems have attributed therapeutic properties to certain parts of the plant. However, it is crucial to approach any potential therapeutic applications with caution due to the plant’s toxic nature.

In regions where traditional medicine systems incorporate Angel’s-tears, certain preparations or extracts derived from the plant may be used for external applications. It is essential to seek guidance from qualified healthcare practitioners and exercise caution when exploring any potential therapeutic uses of Angel’s-tears.


Water is an essential element in the cultivation of Angel’s-tears, as it directly impacts the plant’s growth, blooming, and overall health. Understanding the water requirements and optimal watering practices for Angel’s-tears is crucial for ensuring its successful cultivation.

Water Requirements

Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens) exhibits moderate to high water requirements, especially during the active growing season. Adequate moisture is essential to support the plant’s lush foliage and prolific blooming. However, it is equally important to avoid overwatering, as excessively wet soil can lead to root rot and other moisture-related issues.

As a general guideline, it is recommended to water Angel’s-tears deeply and thoroughly, ensuring that the water penetrates the root zone. The frequency of watering may vary depending on factors such as environmental conditions, soil type, and the stage of growth the plant is in.

Watering Practices

When watering Angel’s-tears, it is important to apply the water directly to the root zone to ensure that the roots receive adequate moisture. This can be achieved by using a watering can, garden hose with a gentle spray attachment, or a drip irrigation system.

Regular monitoring of the soil moisture is crucial to prevent underwatering or overwatering. As a general rule of thumb, the top inch of the soil should be allowed to dry out slightly before the next watering, especially during the active growing season.

Seasonal Considerations

The seasonal variations in temperature and light intensity can influence the plant’s water requirements. During the warmer months or when the plant is actively growing and blooming, more frequent watering is often necessary to sustain the plant’s vigorous growth and flowering.

Conversely, during the cooler months or when the plant is in a dormant phase, watering should be reduced to prevent the soil from becoming excessively wet. Adjusting the watering frequency based on the plant’s specific needs at different times of the year can help promote optimal growth and overall plant health.


Sunlight is a critical factor that directly influences the growth, flowering, and overall well-being of Angel’s-tears. Understanding the sunlight needs and providing the plant with adequate light exposure are essential for its successful cultivation.

Sunlight Requirements

Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens) thrives in a bright, sunny environment and requires ample sunlight to support its growth and blooming. It is essential to position the plant in a location that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day to ensure its healthy development.

In regions with mild temperatures, placing Angel’s-tears in a spot with full sun exposure is ideal for promoting robust growth and abundant flowering. However, in exceptionally hot climates, providing some protection from intense midday sun or afternoon shade can be beneficial to prevent the plant from experiencing stress due to excessive heat and sun exposure.

Indoor Cultivation

For individuals cultivating Angel’s-tears indoors or in regions with harsh climate conditions, ensuring that the plant receives sufficient light is crucial for its well-being. Placing the plant near south-facing windows or under grow lights can help provide the necessary light intensity for healthy growth and flowering.

Regularly rotating the plant to ensure even light exposure on all sides can also prevent uneven growth and encourage the plant to develop a symmetrical form. Additionally, supplementing natural light with artificial lighting may be necessary in indoor settings to meet the plant’s light requirements.

Light Intensity

The intensity of light that Angel’s-tears receives directly influences its growth and flowering capabilities. While the plant requires ample sunlight, particularly during the active growing season, it is important to be mindful of excessively intense light, especially in regions with strong midday sun.

During periods of intense heat and sunlight, providing some filtered light or dappled shade can help safeguard the plant from potential sunburn or stress. Observing the plant’s response to its light environment and making adjustments as necessary can help create an optimal growing condition for Angel’s-tears.


Fertilization plays a critical role in providing Angel’s-tears with the necessary nutrients for vigorous growth and prolific blooming. Choosing the right type of fertilizer and implementing proper fertilization practices are essential for promoting the plant’s overall health and vitality.

Fertilizer Selection

When selecting a fertilizer for Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens), it is important to opt for a well-balanced, water-soluble fertilizer that is specifically formulated for flowering plants. Look for a fertilizer with a higher phosphorus content, as phosphorus plays a key role in promoting flowering and root development.

Additionally, choosing a fertilizer with a balanced ratio of essential nutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, can help support the plant’s overall growth and resilience. It is advisable to select a fertilizer that also contains micronutrients to ensure comprehensive nutrient uptake by the plant.

Fertilization Frequency

During the active growing season, Angel’s-tears should be fertilized regularly to provide it with the essential nutrients required for robust growth and blooming. A general guideline is to fertilize the plant every 2-3 weeks, using a diluted solution of the chosen fertilizer.

It is important to refrain from overfertilizing, as excessive nutrients can lead to imbalanced growth, reduced flowering, and potential issues such as nutrient toxicity. When in doubt, following the recommended dosage provided on the fertilizer packaging and adjusting the frequency based on the plant’s response can help ensure optimal fertilization.

Application Method

When applying fertilizer to Angel’s-tears, it is crucial to follow proper application methods to prevent the risk of overfertilization and potential damage to the plant. Diluting the fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions and applying it to moist soil can help ensure even distribution and effective nutrient absorption.

When fertilizing the plant, it is advisable to apply the fertilizer to the root zone, avoiding direct contact with the foliage to prevent leaf burn. Watering the plant immediately after fertilization can help facilitate the uptake of nutrients and prevent any potential salt buildup in the soil.


The soil in which Angel’s-tears is cultivated plays a critical role in providing the plant with essential nutrients, promoting healthy root development, and ensuring overall plant vitality. Understanding the soil preferences and making appropriate adjustments to the soil composition are essential for successful cultivation.

Soil Type

Angel’s-tears (Brugmansia suaveolens) thrives in well-draining, fertile soil with a rich organic content. A loamy soil with good drainage properties is ideal for supporting the plant’s growth and development. Additionally, slightly acidic to neutral soil with a pH range of 6.0-7.0 is well-suited for Angel’s-tears.

When selecting or preparing the soil for planting or repotting the plant, it is important to ensure that the soil is well aerated and has good water retention capabilities. Incorporating organic matter such as compost, well-rotted manure, or peat moss into the soil can help improve its structure, fertility, and moisture-holding capacity.

Soil Structure

The structure of the soil directly impacts the plant’s ability to establish a strong root system and uptake essential nutrients. Loamy soil with a balanced combination of sand, silt, and clay particles offers both good drainage and optimal water retention, creating an environment conducive to healthy root growth.

Proper soil structure is crucial in preventing issues such as waterlogged soil, compaction, or poor aeration, all of which can negatively impact the plant’s overall health. Regularly assessing the soil structure and making adjustments, such as incorporating organic amendments, can help maintain an optimal growing medium for Angel’s-tears.

Soil Moisture

Maintaining the right moisture level in the soil is essential for supporting the growth and blooming of Angel’s-tears. While the soil should have good drainage properties to prevent waterlogging, it is equally important to ensure that it retains adequate moisture to sustain the plant’s health.

Regularly monitoring the soil moisture and adjusting the watering frequency based on environmental conditions and the plant’s specific needs can help ensure that the soil maintains an optimal moisture level. Avoiding extremes, such as excessively dry or waterlogged soil, is crucial for promoting healthy root development and overall plant vitality.


Pruning is a fundamental aspect of Angel’s-tears care, as it directly impacts the plant’s form, size, flowering capabilities, and overall health. Implementing proper pruning techniques at the right time is essential for maintaining the plant and promoting its vigor.

Pruning Objectives

The primary objectives of pruning Angel’s-tears include maintaining the plant’s shape and size, removing dead or diseased growth, promoting bushier growth, and encouraging abundant flowering. Regular pruning helps prevent the plant from becoming leggy or overgrown, while also minimizing the risk of disease and pest infestations.

Additionally, pruning serves to improve air circulation within the plant, reducing the likelihood of fungal issues and promoting overall plant health. By addressing these objectives through proper pruning, gardeners can help ensure the long-term vitality and aesthetic appeal of Angel’s-tears.


Pruning of Angel’s-tears is typically carried out in the early spring, before the plant enters its active growth phase. This timing allows the plant to recover from pruning and initiate new growth as it transitions into the growing season.

During the growing season, light pruning may be performed as needed to shape the plant, remove spent flowers, and encourage the development of new growth. Regular monitoring of the plant’s growth and making minor adjustments through selective pruning can help guide the plant’s form and promote a desirable overall appearance.


When pruning Angel’s-tears, it is important to utilize proper pruning techniques to ensure minimal stress to the plant and encourage healthy regrowth. Using sharp, clean pruning shears or scissors can help make precise cuts, reducing the risk of damage to the plant tissue and promoting rapid healing.

Removing dead, damaged, or diseased branches, as well as spent flowers, is essential for maintaining the plant’s health and preventing the spread of issues such as fungal diseases and pest infestations. Additionally, light pruning to shape the plant can enhance its overall appearance and maintain a desirable form.

Safety Considerations

Given the toxic properties of Angel’s-tears, it is crucial to take safety precautions when pruning the plant. Wearing gloves and long sleeves can help protect the skin from potential contact with the plant’s toxic sap. Additionally, ensuring proper ventilation when pruning the plant indoors can help minimize exposure to airborne toxins.

After pruning the plant, it is important to wash hands thoroughly with soap and water to remove any plant residue and prevent accidental ingestion or contact with the eyes. Careful handling and disposal of pruned plant material can help prevent accidental exposure to pets, children, and other household members.


Angels’-tears can be propagated through various methods, including seed propagation, stem cuttings, and layering. Each propagation method has its own advantages and considerations, and the choice of propagation technique will depend on the preferences of the gardener and the specific requirements of the plant.

Seed Propagation

Angels’-tears can be propagated from seeds, although this method is less commonly used due to the slow initial growth of seedlings. However, seed propagation allows for the production of new plants with potentially unique characteristics and traits.

To propagate Angels’-tears from seeds, it is important to source high-quality seeds from a reputable supplier. The seeds can be sown in a well-draining seed starting mix and kept consistently moist until germination occurs. Once the seedlings have developed several sets of true leaves, they can be transplanted into individual pots and provided with appropriate care and growing conditions.

Stem Cuttings

Propagating Angels’-tears from stem cuttings is a popular method that allows for the creation of clones of the parent plant. This method is preferred for its relatively quick results and the ability to produce plants with characteristics identical to the parent plant.

To propagate Angels’-tears from stem cuttings, select a healthy, non-flowering stem from the parent plant and make a clean cut just below a node. Remove any lower leaves to expose the nodes, as these are the sites from which roots will develop. The cuttings can then be placed in a rooting hormone to encourage the formation of roots and planted in a well-draining growing medium.


Layering is another propagation method that can be employed to create new Angels’-tears plants. This method involves encouraging the development of roots on a stem that is still attached to the parent plant, allowing for the easy separation of the new plant once it has established a sufficient root system.

To propagate Angels’-tears through layering, select a low-growing, flexible stem and gently wound a small section of the stem to encourage the development of roots. The wounded section can then be buried in a small container of rooting medium, with the exposed portion of the stem remaining above the soil. Once the new plant has developed a strong root system, it can be separated from the parent plant and potted up as a new individual.

Considerations and Tips

Regardless of the propagation method chosen, it is important to provide the newly

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Peter Taylors

Expert botanist who loves plants. His expertise spans taxonomy, plant ecology, and ethnobotany. An advocate for plant conservation, he mentors and educates future botanists, leaving a lasting impact on the field.